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Jugular Pulse Waves


See CVP a / - A.S.D, loss of atrial compliance / x c v & y: will be exagerated / /_ - P.S: exagerates a, x, x' / _ x' - M.R.: exagerated v waves; _ v - Pulmonary HTN: exageratets a & v _ / y /h / __/ - Tamponade: x' is deep, y is small; / - Constrictive pericarditis: small x' / & Sharp y descent; may see h wave; /__/ _________ - Atrial Fib: h wave, no a wave s1 s2


Original Text by Clifford R. Wheeless, III, MD.