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Posts by category

  • Category: Arthritis
    • References for Septic Arthritis
    • Misc. Labs
    • Chronic Inflammatory Arthritis in Childhood
    • From the Patient’s Side: What’s New in Orthopaedics
    • Tuberculosis
    • Transient Synovitis
    • Toxic Child: Onset of Joint Disorders
    • Synovial Fluid: Total Leukocyte Count
    • TKR in Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Thumb Swan Neck Deformity
    • Thumb Deformities in RA
    • Systemic JRA: (Still’s Disease)
    • Swan Neck Deformity: Treatment Based on Classification
    • Sulfasalazine
    • Steroid Topics
    • Steroids: for Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Sporotrichum schenckii
    • Spondyloarthropathies / Related Chronic Seronegative Arthritides
    • Treatment of Septic Joint Based on Location
    • Septic Arthritis in the Adult
    • Treatment of Septic Joint Based on Age
    • Septic Arthritis: Differential Diagnosis
    • Seever’s Diease / Calcaneal Apophysitis
    • Sacro-Iliac Joint
    • Rheumatoid Nodules
    • Rheumatoid Foot
    • Rheumatoid Hand
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis: PIP Joint
    • Rheumatoid Factor
    • Reiter’s syndrome
    • References for Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Radiology of HyperParaThyroidism
    • Radiographic Aspects of Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • RA: Clinical Aspects
    • RA: Medical Management
    • Polyarticular JRA
    • Phenylbutazone/Butazolidin, Azolid
    • Pauciarticular JRA
    • Pathological Features of Osteoarthritis
    • Pathogenesis of RA
    • Pagets Disease: Etiology and Pathogenesis
    • Osteomyelitis in the Diabetic Patient
    • Osteomalacia from Chronic use of Anticonvulsant Medication
    • Osteoarthritis of the Knee
    • Osteoarthritis: Predisposing Causes
    • Ossification of Soft Tissue and Periosteum
    • Orthopaedic Joint Infections: Intra-articular Antibiotics
    • Open Joint Injuries
    • Neiserria Gonnorhea
    • Misc. Ref for Osteomyelitis
    • Methotrexate
    • Meclofenamate / Meclomen/ Meclodium
    • Lyme Disease: Erythema chronicum migrans
    • Leukemia
    • Laboratory Studies for Gout
    • Laboratory Aspects of RA
    • Laboratory Aspects of Osteoarthritis
    • Inhibition of Tumor Necrosis Factor
    • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    • Risk Factors for Infection in TKR:
    • Infectious Arthritis: Discussion
    • Indium 111 – Labeled Leukocytes
    • Indomethacin / Indocin
    • Index: P, Q, R, S
    • Hypophosphatasia
    • Hyperuricemia
    • Hemophilic Arthropathy: Pathologic Changes
    • Henoch Schonlein Purpura
    • Hematogenous Osteomyelitis
    • Heel Pain
    • H. influenza
    • Gram Positive Cocci
    • Gram Neg Cocci
    • Gram Negative Bacilli
    • Gram Positive Bacilli
    • Gout and Pseudogout in the Painful TKR:
    • Glycosaminoglycans
    • Gold
    • Ficat Stages of Bone Necrosis of the Femoral Head
    • Fibrodysplasia Ossificans
    • Fenoprofen / Nalfon
    • Ferrous Sulfate and Gluconate
    • Elbow in RA Patient
    • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
    • Diflunisal/Dolobid
    • Differential Diagnosis: of Limb Length Deformity
    • Differential Diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Differential Diagnosis: Adult Arthritis
    • Diff Diagnosis of the Septic Arthritis
    • Cyclosporin A
    • Calcinosis
    • Bouvier’s Test
    • Bacteriology of Orthopaedic Infections: > 2 yrs of age
    • Bacteriology of Orthopaedic Infections: 6 mo – 2 yrs
    • Bacteriology of Orthopaedic Infections in Neonates
    • Bacterial Menu
    • Azathioprine
    • Cultures and Gm Staining of Synovial Fluid
    • Crystal Examination of Synovial Fluid
    • CMC arthritis: Resection Arthroplasty
    • Clinical Features of Osteoarthritis
    • Chondroitin and Keratin Sulfate
    • Atlantoaxial Subluxation in RA
    • Articular Steroid Injections
    • Articular Cartilage
    • Arava / Leflunomide
    • Antinuclear Antibody (ANA)
    • American Rheumatism Association Diagnostic Criteria for RA
    • Acute Rheumatic Fever
    • Diff DX: Gout
    • Pathophysiology of Gout
    • Gout
    • Proteoglycans in Cartilage
    • Septic Arthritis
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Psoriatic Arthritis
    • Pseudogout and Chondrocalcinosis
    • Polyarthralgia in the Child
    • Osteoarthritis
    • Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Synovial Fluid
    • Childhood Arthritic Conditions
    • Adult: Differential Diagnosis
    • Category: Adult Differential Diagnosis
      • Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS)
    • Category: Child Conditions
    • Category: Gout
  • Category: Arthroscopy
    • Well Child: Onset of Joint Disorders
    • Shoulder Arthroscopy – Subacromial Bursectomy:
    • Initial Steps in Arthroscopic Acromioplasty
    • Shoulder Capsule / Rotator Interval Capsule
    • Healing of Rotator Cuff Tears / Repair
    • Rheumatoid Hand: Tenosynovitis
    • RTC Repair: Convergence Repair
    • Physical Therapy after RTC Repair
    • Pigmented Villonodular synovitis
    • Open Medial Meniscal Repair
    • Arthroscopy of the Knee Joint:
    • Insidious Onset of Joint Disorders in the Child
    • Infectious Flexor Tenosynovitis
    • Infectious Tenosynovitis: Closed Drainage
    • Histology of Chondroblastoma
    • Fluid Management for Shoulder Arthroscopy:
    • Etiology of Rotator Cuff Tears:
    • Double Row RTC Repair
    • Rotator Cuff Foot Print – Consideration for Repair
    • Arthroscopy of the Knee: Neurologic Complications
    • Arthroscopic Acromioplasty / Cuff Debridement
    • Arthroscopic Acromioplasty
    • Arthroscopic Distal Clavicle Excision
    • Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair
    • Positioning and Direction of Rotator Cuff Anchors
    • Assessment of Rotator Cuff Tear
    • Arthroscopic Knots
    • Arthroscopic RTC without Acromioplasty:
    • AC Joint Arthrosis / Open Distal Clavicle Excision
    • Ankle Arthroscopy
  • Category: Bones
    • Stainless Steel
    • Streptococcus
    • __97
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Preoperative Planning for HTO
    • Posterolateral Bone Grafting
    • Pediatric Acetabular Fractures
    • Orthopaedic Menu Index: F
    • Open Laparotomy to Control Hemorrhage in Pelvic Frx
    • Tibia Fracture Menu
    • Longissimus Cervicis
    • Malgaigne Fracture: Vertical Shear
    • Intertransversarii
    • Intertrochanteric Frx: Sliding Screw Placement in Femoral Head and Neck
    • Hand Diagram
    • FVFG: Weight Bearing and Exercise Following Surgery
    • FVFG: Bone Graft Harvest
    • FVFG: Hip Incision
    • FVFG: Insurance and Disability
    • FVFG: Post Operative Care and Rehab
    • External Fixators for Femoral Shaft Frx
    • Characteristics of Phalangeal and Metacarpal Fracture
    • Classification of Fractures: 9 fracture patterns
    • Cervical Spine Clearance in the Trauma Patient:
    • Flouroscopy in the Clearance of the Cervical Spine:
    • Cervical Disc Herniation
    • Cervical Kyphosis
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Ampicillin Sulbactam/Unasyn
    • Acumed Small Bone Fixator
    • Technique for King-Moe Type I or II
    • The Basic Types of Spine Frx & their Mechanisms
    • Type II Pilon Frx
    • TKR: Day 3
    • Total Knee Replacement – Day 2
    • Zielke Instrumentation
    • Young Burgess System
    • X rays: for Tibial Frx
    • Wrist Joint Aspiration & Arthroscopy
    • Wound Vac
    • Wound Dressings
    • Work Up for Pelvic Fracture
    • Workup for Femoral Shaft Frx
    • Work Up and PreOp Planning for Tibial Plateau
    • Work Up and Treatment: Hand Infections
    • Work Up and Treatment of Acetabular Frx
    • Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics – Journal Watch
    • Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics – Journal Watch
    • Hand
    • Weber A Fractures: Lateral Malleolus
    • Weber B: Lateral Malleolus Frx
    • Weber B / SER Ankle Frx: Non Operative Treatment
    • Weber C Fractures
    • Warfarin induces Skin Necrosis
    • Wayne County Reduction
    • Volar Finger Tip Infections / Felon
    • Vertebral Column Development
    • Vertebral Osteomyelitis
    • Vertical Frx of Medial Malleolus
    • Vascular Supply of the Soleus
    • Vascular Anatomy of Scaphoid
    • Vascular Injuries Associated w/ Tibial Fractures
    • Vascular Injuries from Pelvic Fractures
    • Van Nes Rotational Plasty
    • V-Y Local Advancement Flaps
    • Upper Extremity Touniquet
    • Urinary and Rectal Injuries from Pelvic Frx
    • Upper Extremity
    • Universal Large Distractor
    • Unstable Burst Fractures
    • Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures
    • Uncovertebral joints
    • Unilateral Bar
    • Unilateral Facet Dislocation
    • Ulnar Wrist Pain
    • Ulnocarpal Impaction / Impingement Syndrome
    • Ulnocarpal Impingement Syndrome
    • Press Fit Femoral Stem: Proximal Fixation
    • Types of Spondylolisthesis
    • Ulna-Humeral Arthroplasty
    • Type VI Plateau Frx
    • Type III: Pilon Frx
    • Type III Tibial Plateau Frx
    • Type-IV Intertrochanteric Fractures
    • Type IV (Medial) Tibial Plateau Fractures
    • Type II (“Senile”) Osteoporosis
    • Type II Frx: Open Reduction Internal Fixation
    • Type I: Pilon Frx
    • Type I (“Postmenopausal”) Osteoporosis
    • Two-Column Fractures
    • Two Part Humeral Shaft Fractures
    • Type 2 Dens Frx
    • Tumors of the Cranium
    • Tumors of the Pelvis
    • Tumors of the Proximal Femur
    • Tumors of the Proximal Humerus / Scapula
    • Tumors and Lesions of the Spine and Sacrum
    • Tuberculous Spondylitis
    • Tuberous Sclerosis
    • Trochanteric Non Union
    • Trimalleolar Frx: (Cotton Frx)
    • Triphasic Bone Scan
    • Triplane Fracture
    • Trigger Finger: Non Operative Treatment
    • Trigger Finger / Tenosynovitis
    • Treatment Options for Scoliosis
    • Treatment of Displaced Scaphoid Fractures
    • Treatment Methods for Tibial Fracture Defects
    • Tibia Fracture Infections
    • Trauma Management:
    • Trauma Workup
    • Transverse Fracture of Acetabulum
    • Transverse Humeral Shaft Fracture
    • Transverse Metacarpal Fractures
    • Trapezium
    • Transverse Carpal Ligament
    • Transient Brachial Plexopathy / Stinger / Burner
    • Transient Phalangeal Osteolysis (Microgeodic Disease)
    • Trade Names: A, B, C
    • Trade Names: M-N-
    • Trade Names: T U V W X Y Z
    • Trade Name: G-H-I
    • Torticollis Due to Bony Abnormalities
    • Torticollis in Infants
    • Total Depression Fracture
    • TKR Technique: Tibial Component
    • TKR: Tibial Component
    • TKR: Preparation for the Proximal Tibial Cut
    • TKR: Proximal Tibial Resection
    • TKR: Removal of Posterior Osteophytes
    • TKR: Fixed Varus Deformity
    • – Physical Exam
    • __97
    • Congenital Muscular Torticollis
    • _
    • _
    • _
    • _
    • Foot
    • _
    • THR Revision: Removal of Femoral Stem
    • TKR: Depth of Proximal Tibial Cut
    • TKR: Distal Femoral Cutting Guide
    • TKR: Component Insertion
    • TKR: Articular Exposure
    • TKR: Bone Defects in Primary Knees
    • Tillaux Fracture:
    • Timing of Surgery in Orthopaedic Patients with Brain Injury
    • TibioFibular Line
    • Tibial Stress Fractures
    • Tibial Tunnel for ACL Reconstruction
    • Tibial Plateau Fracture Dislocations
    • Tibial Plateau Fractures
    • Tibial Plateau Frx: Loss of Reduction
    • Tibial Plateau Frx: Post Op Care and Complications
    • Tibial Plateau Frx: Surgical Approaches and Theory
    • Tibial Stem
    • Tibial Frx: PreOp Planning for IM Nailing
    • Tibial Plafond Fracture
    • Tibia Frx: Post Operative Care
    • Tibial Extramedullary Guides
    • Tibial Fracture References
    • Tibial Fractures: Technique of IM Nailing
    • Tibial Frx: comparison of IM nailing vs external fixation
    • Tibial Frx: Frx Reduction Prior to External Fixation
    • Tibia Fractures: Ilizarov / Circular Wire Fixators
    • Tibia Fractures Resulting in Amputation
    • Thumb Fractures / Dislocations
    • Thumb CMC Joint Instability
    • Three Part Fracture Dislocation
    • Three Part Proximal Humerus Fractures
    • THR: Re-establishment of the True Acetabular Floor
    • THR: Incision thru Iliotibial Band
    • THR: Acetabular Reaming
    • Thoracolumbar fractures
    • Thoracolumbar Scoliosis
    • Thoracic Spine
    • Thoracic Spine Burst Fractures
    • Thoracis
    • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
    • Thoracic Scoliosis
    • Thenar Space Infections
    • The Ankle Joint
    • Thenar Flap
    • Tethered Cord Syndrome
    • Tensor Fascia Lata / Iliotibial Band
    • Technique of Ex Fix Insertion
    • Technique of Forearm Fasciotomy
    • Technique of Syndesmotic Fixation
    • Technique of Z plasty
    • Technique for Acetabular Cup Removal
    • Technique for King-Moe Type III Scoliosis
    • Technique for Microvascular Vein Grafting
    • Talocrural Angle
    • Talar Tilt: Physical Exam
    • Talocalcaneal Coalition
    • T Acetabular Frx
    • T Plates
    • Synthes Hybrid Circular Wire Fixator
    • Synthes IM Femoral Nail Insertion Technique
    • Synthes Uniplanar External Fixator for Tibial Frx
    • Syringomyelia
    • Symbiotic infections
    • Syndactyly
    • Syndactyly: Associated Syndromes
    • Syndesmotic Injuries of the Ankle
    • Surgical Treatment of Scaphoid Frx: Outcomes
    • Surgical Treatment of Dupuytren’s Contracture
    • Surgical Risk Assessment
    • Surgical Instruments for Revision THR
    • Surgical Approaches to the Tibia
    • Surgical Anatomy: First Extensor Compartment
    • Surgical Approach for Lateral Malleolar Frx
    • Supracondylar Femoral Frx: Pertinent Anatomy
    • Supination External Rotation Frx in Children
    • Supracondylar Femoral Fractures
    • Supination – Adduction Injuries of the Ankle
    • Subtrochanteric Fractures
    • Subtrochanteric Fractures: 95 deg Blade Plate / Condylar Screw
    • Subtrochanteric Frx: Anatomy and Factors in Healing
    • Succinylcholine
    • Subtrochanteric Fracture Stability
    • Subacromial Bursa
    • Subclavian Artery
    • Straight Leg Raise/Sciatic Nerve
    • Sternocleidomastoid
    • Steroid Protocol: for Spinal Cord Injury
    • Steel
    • Staph aureus: Nasal Carriage
    • Staph aureus
    • Stages of Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Stage II Supination Inversion Injury
    • Stable Burst Fractures
    • Stable Frx
    • Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    • SROM Hip System
    • Spondylolysis / Spondylolisthesis
    • Spondylolisthesis: Radiographic Findings
    • Spondylolisthesis w/ Scoliosis
    • Spondylolysis and Type I Spondylolisthesis
    • Spondylolisthesis: Grade II Slips (25-50%)
    • Split Thickness Skin Grafts
    • Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Congenita
    • Splenius Cervicis
    • Split Compression Frx (Type II Frx)
    • Split Fractures
    • Splenius Capitis
    • Spiral Metacarpal Fractures
    • Spiral Oblique Proximal Phalanx Frx
    • Spiral Bands / Cords
    • Spine: in Paget’s Disease
    • Spine Menu
    • Spinous Process Fracture (avulsion frx – “Clay Shoveler’s Frx)
    • Spine in Achondroplasia
    • Spine in Ankylosing Spondylitis
    • Spine in Osteoporosis
    • Spinalis Thoracis
    • Spine and Scoliosis in Cerebral Palsy
    • Spinal Pathology in Myelodysplasia
    • Spinal Shock
    • Spinalis Cervicis
    • Spina Bifida
    • Spinal Anomalies in Marfan’s Syndrome
    • Spinal Cord and Meninges
    • Soft Tissue Coverage for the Leg
    • Soft Tissue Replacement in the Hand
    • Somites
    • Snake Bite Wounds
    • Sliding Trochanteric Osteotomy
    • Slipped Vertebral Apophysis
    • Sliding Compression Screw Devices: Plate Application
    • Sliding Hip Screw w/ Unstable Frx
    • Sizing and Seating of the Tibial Tray
    • Skin Grafts: for Hand Defects
    • Simple Dislocations of the MP joint
    • Simple Bone Cyst (Unicameral)
    • SI Joint Dislocations: Posterior Screw Fixation
    • Shoulder History
    • S.H. Type II
    • Shin Splints / Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome
    • Sesamoid Bones of the Foot
    • Sesamoid Fractures
    • Sesamoiditis of the Foot
    • Sequelae of MI
    • SER Frx: Classification and Sequence of Injury
    • Semispinalis capitis
    • Semispinalis Cervicis
    • Semispinalis Thoracis
    • Semitubular Plates
    • Segmental Tibial Fractures
    • Seinsheimer’s Classification of Subtrochanteric Frxs
    • Selection of Fusion Level
    • Second Toe Transfer
    • Sed Rate: Osteomyelitis of the Spine
    • Second Degree Burns
    • Scoliosis
    • Scoliosis in Juveniles
    • Scoliosis in Neurofibromatosis
    • Scoliosis in the CP Child
    • Screw Fixation of Acetabular Components
    • Screws
    • Scheuermann’s Kyphosis
    • SCIWORA Syndrome: (Spinal Cord Injury w/o Radiologic Abnormality)
    • Scleroderma or Progressive Systemic Sclerosis
    • Scalenus Anterior
    • Scalenus medius
    • Scalenus Posterior
    • Sarcoidosis
    • Sarmiento Osteotomy for Intertrochanteric Frx
    • Salter Harris IV Fracture of Distal Tibia
    • Safe Zone for Tibial Pin Insertion
    • Salter Harris III Fractures of Distal Tibia
    • Sacroiliac Fracture – Dislocations
    • Sacrum and Sacral Fractures
    • Rx of CDH: Ages 3 years to 8 years
    • Sacral Sparing
    • Sacral Stress Fractures
    • RSD: Role of Bone Scans
    • Rotators Brevis
    • Rotators Longus
    • Rotary PIP Subluxation
    • Rotation of the Tibial Component
    • Rolling and Gliding Mechanism
    • Roof Arc Measurements for Acetabular Frx
    • Role of CT in Cervical Fractures
    • Role of Fibula in Tibial Plateau fractures
    • Ring Characteristics
    • Risk of Progression
    • Rolando’s fracture
    • Rickets
    • Rifampin
    • Rheumatoid Trigger Finger
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Flexor Tendon Rupture
    • Revision TKR: Revision of Tibial Component:
    • Reversed Obliquity Intertroch Frx
    • Retrograde Medullary Superior Ramus Screw
    • Retrograde Nailing of Femoral Shaft Frx
    • Reverse Dorsal Metacarpal Flap
    • Renal Trauma / Urogenital Trauma
    • Removal of Cemented Femoral Stems
    • Removal of Cementless Stems
    • Renal Spondyloarthropathy
    • References: Fractures of the Cervical spine
    • Reflex Testing for C-spine Pathology
    • References for Spinal Fractures
    • References for the Humerus / Humeral Frx
    • References for the Spine
    • References for Prognostic Features of Osteosarcoma
    • References for Respiratory Failure / Ventilators
    • References for Scoliosis
    • References for Osteomyelitis
    • References for Cervical Spine
    • Cartilage References for Ochi
    • Reduction of Femoral Shaft Frx
    • Reduction of Jumped Facet(s)
    • Reduction of SER / Weber B Frx
    • Rectus Capitus Anterior
    • Recurrent branch of anterior tibial artery
    • Rectus Capitis Anterior
    • Rectus Capitis Lateralis
    • Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor
    • Reaming of Tibial Fractures
    • Reconstruction Plates, 3.5 mm
    • Reconstruction Plates, 4.5 mm
    • Radiolucent Bone Lesions
    • Raynaud’s Phenomenon and Disease
    • Radiology of the Cervical Spine
    • Radiology of Press Fit Femoral Stems
    • Radioisotope Scanning
    • Radiology of Acetabular Fractures
    • Radiology of Burst Fractures
    • Radiology of Cemented Femoral Components
    • Radiology of Pelvic Fractures
    • Radiology of Subtalar Joint
    • Radiographs for the Thumb Basal Joint
    • Radiographs of the Lumbar Spine
    • Radiographic Work Up for Rheumatoid C-spine
    • Radiographs for Atalanto Axial Rotatory Fixation
    • Radiographic Findings of Intertrochanteric Frx
    • Radiographic Studies for Tibial Plateau Frx
    • Radiographic Features: of Talocalcaneal Coalition
    • Radiographic Features of Bone Tumors
    • Radiographic Changes of Cervical Spine in JRA
    • Radial Nerve Block
    • RA: Tendon Ruptures of the Thumb
    • Radial Artery
    • Radial Bursae / Thumb Flexor Sheath Infections
    • Quadriga
    • Quadrilateral Socket
    • Quantitative CT
    • RA: Classification of MP joint Pathology
    • Quadratus Femoris
    • Quadratus Lumborum
    • Pyknodyostosis
    • Pyoderma Gangrenosum
    • Pyogenic Granuloma
    • Puncture of Shoulder Joint & Subacromial Bursa
    • Pseudohypoparathyroidism
    • Pseudosubluxation of the C spine
    • Proximal Phalanx Frx
    • Proximal Phalanx Frx: Percutaneous Intramedullary K Wire
    • Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Injuries
    • Pseudoachondroplasia
    • Pseudoarthrosis of the Tibia
    • Proximal Humeral Physeal Injuries
    • Proximal Inter-Locking for Synthes Nail
    • Proximal Pediatric Tibial Metaphyseal Fractures
    • Proximal Femoral Shaft Fractures
    • Proximal Focal Femoral Deficiency
    • Proximal Humeral Fracture
    • Protein Polysaccharides
    • Pronation-External Rotation Injuries of the Ankle
    • Profunda Femoris: (deep femoral artery)
    • Healing and Prognosis of Tibial Fractures:
    • Primary Spinal Cord Neoplasia
    • Pressure Irrigation
    • Prevertebral Soft Tissues
    • Preparation for Proximal Tibial Cut
    • PreOp Acetabular Radiographic Evaluation
    • Preop Considerations for Nail Pathology
    • PreOp Evaluation
    • PreOp Planning for Removal of Cemented Stems
    • Pouce Flottant Thumb
    • Pre Op Pulmonary Function Management
    • Pre Tendinous Bands
    • Posteromedial Tibial Bowing
    • Postop Orders for Lumbar Disc
    • Posterolateral Decompression
    • Posterolateral Approach to the Tibia
    • Posterior Talofibular Ligament
    • Posterior Tibial Artery
    • Posterolateral Approach to the Ankle
    • Posterior Slope of the Tibial Component
    • Posterior Surgical Approach for Pelvic Frx
    • Posterior Pelvic Injury
    • Posterior Release
    • Posterior Iliac Crest Graft Harvest
    • Posterior Malleolar Fractures
    • Posterior Fusion
    • Posterior Cruciate Ligament: Tibial Tunnel
    • Posterior Elements: Burst Fracture
    • Posterior Facet of Subtalar Joint
    • Posterior Column of Acetabulum
    • Posterior Arthrodesis of the Subaxial C-spine
    • Posterior Atlanto-Axial Arthrodesis
    • Posterior Column
    • Posterior Approach: Distraction Systems
    • Post Op Orders
    • Post Operative Diskitis
    • Post Traumatic / Post Surgical Kyphosis
    • Posterior Acetabular Wall Frx: Danger Zone
    • Positioning for Femoral Shaft Fractures
    • Polydactyly of the Hand:
    • Polydactyly of the Thumb
    • Plating of Femoral Shaft Fracture
    • Plate Fixation of Pilon Fractures:
    • Plating of Tibial Fractures
    • Plate Fixation of Proximal Humeral Frx
    • Plate Fixation of Humeral Shaft Fracture
    • Piroxicam / Feldene
    • Pivot Shift Test
    • Plafond Fractures: Initial Treatment and Timing of Surgery
    • Pilon Frx: ORIF of the Fibula
    • Pilon Frx Wound Closure
    • Pillar View
    • Pilon Frx: Fixation of Metaphysis to Diaphysis
    • Physiologic Calcium Homeostasis
    • Physiologic processes in bone
    • Piano Key Test
    • Physical Exam for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    • Physical Exam for Cervical Spondylosis
    • Physical Exam of the Cervical Spine
    • Physical Exam for Ankle Sprains
    • Physeal Bone-Bridge
    • Phalangeal Frx Intraosseous Wires
    • Phalangeal Injury
    • Phalen’s Test for Lumbar Stenosis
    • Phalangeal Fractures
    • Peroneal Artery
    • Percutaneous Fixation of Anterior Column Fx
    • Percutaneous Pinning of Proximal Humeral Frx
    • Percutaneous Discectomy
    • PEEP: Discussion
    • Pelvic Fractures Menu
    • Pelvic Frx: Selection of Pins and Frame Type
    • Pediatric Tibial Fracture
    • Pedicle Flaps
    • Pedicle Screw Implants for Burst Fractures
    • Pediatric Pelvic Fractures
    • Pediatric Phalangeal Frx
    • Pediatric Pronation-External Rotation Frx
    • Pediatric Radiology
    • Pediatric Genu Varum
    • Pediatric Extra-Octave Frx of Proximal Phalanx
    • Pediatric Femur Fractures
    • Pediatric Distal Tibial Fracture
    • Pediatric Dens Fracture
    • Pediatric Discitis
    • Radiology of the Pediatric Cervical Spine
    • Pediatric Ankle Fractures and Distsal Tibial Fractures
    • Pathologic Fracture
    • Pathogenesis of Congenital Scoliosis
    • Pathoanatomy of Cervical Spondylosis
    • Pateurella multocida
    • Paronychia
    • Parosteal Osteosarcoma
    • Paraxial Tibial Hemimelia
    • Paralytic Scoliosis
    • Papineau Technique
    • Palmar Interossei
    • Osteosarcoma of Spine
    • Over Distraction of Distal Radius Frx
    • Osteomyelitis/Infection in the Sickle Cell Patient
    • Osteopetrosis
    • Osteomalacia – Rickets: Gastrointestinal and Bilary Causes
    • Osteomyelitis
    • Osteomyelitis: Debridement of Sequestra
    • Osteomalacia
    • Osteogenesis Imperfecta
    • Osteogenic Proteins
    • Osteoid Osteoma
    • Osteoma
    • Osteochondroma / Osteocartilaginous Exostosis
    • Osteochondrosis / Stress Frx of Medial Epicondyle
    • Osteoblastoma
    • Osteoblasts
    • Osgood Schlatter Lesion
    • Os Odontoideum
    • Orthopaedic Manifestations of Child Abuse
    • Orthopaedic Manifestations of Myelomeningocele
    • ORIF of Hand Frx w/ K Wires
    • ORIF of Hand Frx w/ Screws
    • Orthofix
    • ORIF of Calcaneal Frx: Fixation of Tuberosity and Sustentacular Fragments
    • ORIF of Calcaneal Frx Using Lateral Plate
    • Opponens Pollicis
    • Operative Treatment of Metacarpal Shaft Frx
    • Opponens Digiti Minimi
    • Operative Rx for Frx of Lateral Malleolus
    • Open vs Closed Treatment of Tibial Frx
    • Open Technique of ACL Reconstruction
    • Open Tibia Frx: Exchange Nailing
    • Open Fractures of Femur
    • Open Fractures of the Tibia
    • Open Palm Technique (from McCash, 1964)
    • Open Fractures
    • Occult Spondylytic Fractures
    • OCS Application and Correction
    • Odontoid View
    • Obstetricalal Palsy: Lower Root Injury: (Klumpke)
    • Obturator Artery
    • Obturator Nerve
    • Occipital-Atlanto-Axial Injuries
    • Oblique View of C spine
    • Obliquus Capitis Inferior
    • Obliquus capitis superior
    • Oblique Metacarpal Shaft Fractures
    • Nutrient Artery
    • Objective Diagnosis of Syndesmotic Injury
    • Notes for Wrightlock Spinal Fixation System
    • Nucleus pulposus
    • Nonunion of Scaphoid Proximal Pole Frx
    • Normal Variants: of Occiput – C1 – C2
    • Non Union of Distal Humeral Frx
    • Non Union of Humeral Fractures
    • NonOperative Treatment of Ankle Fractures
    • Nonossifying Fibroma
    • Non Operative Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    • Non Operative Treatment of Stable Proximal Phalanx Frx
    • Non Union
    • Neurovascular Island Flap
    • Total Femoral Replacement
    • Neuro Exam Menu
    • Neurofibroma / Neurofibromatosis
    • Nail Bed Biopsies
    • Nail Bed Injury / Pathology
    • Myelopathy
    • Myobacterium marinum
    • Myelograms
    • Myelomeningocele Scoliosis
    • Muscles of the Volar Forearm
    • Multiple Sclerosis
    • Multisegmented Hook Instrumentation
    • Mupirocin
    • Multifidus
    • Multiple Enchodromatosis (Ollier’s Disease)
    • Mucous Cyst
    • Negative Influences on Bone Healing:
    • MRI of Skeletal Tumors
    • MRI of the Spine
    • MRI diagnosis of Spinal Osteomyelitis
    • MRI in Cervical Fractures
    • MRI of Disc Herniation and Lumbar Stenosis
    • MP Joint Arthroplasty
    • MP Joint Locking
    • Morquio’s Syndrome
    • Moberg Flap (Palmar advancement flap)
    • Middle Column: the posterior half of the vertebral body
    • Middle Facet of Subtalar Joint
    • Microscopic Features of Bone
    • Microscopic Structure of Bone
    • Mid Palmar Space
    • Methods to Estimate Growth Potenital
    • Metastatic Breast Cancer
    • Metastastic Bone Carcinoma: Prophylactic Femoral IM Nailing
    • Metacarpal Shaft Frx
    • Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia (Dysostoses)
    • Metabolic complications from TPN
    • Metacarpal Extra-articular Base Frx
    • Metacarpal Head Fractures
    • Metacarpal Joint Injury
    • Metacarpal Neck Frx
    • Metabolic Bone Diseases
    • Menu for the Tibia / Tibia Frx
    • Medial Tibial Plateua Fractures
    • Median Artery
    • Medial Oblique Axial View
    • Medial Plateau: Surgical Approach
    • Medial Epiondylectomy for Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
    • Medial Malleolar Fractures
    • Medial Condyle Frx in Adult
    • Medial Epicondyle Frx of the Humerus
    • Medial Approach to the Ankle
    • Med Index: A, B, C
    • Mechanism of Chance Frx
    • Mechanisms of Bone Resorption
    • Mechanism of ACL Tear
    • Mechanism of Calcaneal Frx
    • Marfan’s Syndrome
    • Mangled Extremity Severity Score (MESS)
    • Management of the Spine Injured Patient
    • Management of Thumb Soft Tissue Defects / Amputations
    • Management of Head Injury
    • Malunion of the Tibia
    • Management of Coagulopathy / Bleeding
    • Management of Fibula in HTO
    • Malleolar Screws
    • Mallet Deformity: (Baseball finger)
    • Mallet Fracture of Thumb
    • Mallet Fractures
    • Maisonneuve Fracture
    • Luque Instrumentation
    • Macrodactyly
    • Lumbrical Plus Finger
    • Lumbricals
    • Lumbar Burst Fractures
    • Lumbar Scoliosis
    • Lumbar Stenosis
    • Lumbar Vertebrae
    • Lumbrical Muscle Sheaths
    • Low Back Pain in the Adult
    • Low Back Pain in the Adult: Radiographic Studies
    • Low Ulnar Nerve Injury
    • Lower Cervical Burst Fractures
    • Longus Colli
    • Longus Capitis
    • Longissimus Capitis
    • Longissimus Thoracis
    • Local Compression Frx: (Type III frx)
    • Lumbar Total Disc Replacement
    • Lobster Hand
    • Local Anesthetic Properties for Lidocaine
    • Limb Lengthening: Distraction Histiogenesis
    • Limb Lengthening Fixators
    • Limb Development
    • Limb Length Inequalities / Growth Deformities
    • Limb Length Inequality: Shortening of the Longer Limb
    • Ligamentous Instability
    • Ligament Reconstruction and Tendon Interposition
    • Ligamentous Injuries in Tibial Plateau Frxs
    • Levator Scapula
    • Letournel Classification
    • Lengthening of the Tibia
    • Lesser Trochanter Frx
    • Left Thoracic Scoliosis
    • Lathyrism
    • Lateral stenosis
    • Lateral Plating of SER / Weber B Frx
    • Lateral Plateau Butress Plates
    • Lateral of C-spine
    • Lateral Frame
    • Lateral Compression Type II Injury / AO Type B2.2
    • Lateral Compression Frx: Type I
    • Lateral Compression Injuries
    • Lateral Bands
    • Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery
    • Lag Screw for Weber B Frx
    • Lag Screw Theory
    • Laminaplasty
    • Kyphosis
    • Kniest Dysplasia
    • Klippel Feil Syndrome
    • Knee Arthrodesis using an Intramedullary Nail
    • King Type I Scoliosis
    • King Type II Scoliosis
    • King Type III Scoliosis
    • Judet and Letournel Classification and Column Theory
    • Judet Views of the Pelvis
    • Kanavel’s Four Cardinal Signs
    • Joint Depression Calcaneal Fracture
    • Joint Index
    • JRA: General Clinical Findings
    • Isthmic Spondylolisthesis
    • Jacobs Rods: Locking Hook Spinal Rods
    • Iodophors
    • Intramedullary Nailing of Femoral Shaft Frx
    • Intrinsic Muscles of the Hand
    • Intrinsic Tightness and the Intrinsic Plus Hand
    • Intrinsic Weakness and Claw Hand
    • Intramedullary Hip Screw for Intertrochanteric Fractures
    • Interspinales
    • Intertrochanteric Fractures
    • Intervertebral Discs
    • Internal Tibial Torsion
    • Internet Outcomes Study
    • Intercondylar Eminence Fracture
    • Intermittent Manditory Ventilation
    • Insertion of Cementless Femoral Stem
    • Inspection of Patients w/ Pelvic Frx
    • Inorganic Constituents of Bone
    • Wound Closure Initial Wound Care of Tibial Fractures
    • Inlet and Outlet Views
    • Infections of the Hand
    • Infected Femoral IM nails
    • Infected Tibial Non Unions
    • Indications for Trochanteric Osteotomy
    • Indications for External Fixation in Pelvic Frx
    • Indications for Operative Fixation of Tibial Frx
    • Index: S
    • Index: H – I
    • Index: E
    • Index: G
    • Incision for Carpal Tunnel Release
    • Incomplete Spinal Cord Lesion
    • IM Nailing of Pediatric Femur Fractures
    • IM Nailing of Proximal Tibial Fractures
    • IM Nailing for Subtrochanteric Frx
    • IM Nailing of Open Tibia Fractures
    • Ilizarov Method: Removal of the Fixator and Post fixator removal
    • Ilizarov Method: Stability of Frame & Components
    • Ilizarov Method: The Distraction Phase
    • Ilioinguinal Approach to the Acetabulum
    • Iliotibial Band Syndrome
    • Iliocostalis Lumborum
    • Iliocostalis thoracis
    • Iliofemoral Approach to the Acetabulum
    • Idiopathic Scoliosis
    • Iliac Wing: Fractures
    • Iliocostalis Cervicis
    • Hypoplastic Thumb
    • Hypothyroidism
    • Hypoparathyroidism
    • Hyperthyroid induced Osteopenia
    • Hypertrophic Non Union
    • Hypercalcemia
    • Hyperextension Dislocation Injury
    • Hyperextension Injuries: (19-38% of cervical injuries)
    • Hyperflexion Injuries
    • Humerus
    • HTO: Opening Wedge / Infra-tubercle Osteotomy
    • Hughston’s Medial Displacement Osteotomy for Intertroch Frx
    • Humeral Shaft Fracture
    • Hoover Test
    • Horizontal-Oblique Frx of Medial Malleolus
    • Hoffman’s Sign
    • Home Page of Allen Burrus
    • Histologic Changes in Rickets
    • Histological Characteristics of Aneurysmal Bone Cyst
    • Histological Features of Giant Cell Tumor of Bone
    • Histology and Growth of Bone
    • High Ulnar Nerve Lesions
    • High Median Nerve Lesions
    • High Pressure Injection Injuries in the Hand
    • Herniated Disc in the Child
    • Herpes Simplex Finger Infections
    • Hemi-vertebrae & Segmented Vertebrae
    • Hemangioma of Bone
    • Harris Beath View
    • Hand & Wrist in Arthrogryposis
    • Hangman’s frx / Traumatic Spondylolisthesis of the Axis
    • Harrington Instrumentation
    • Hand and Metacarpal Fractures
    • Hand and Wrist: Physical Exam
    • Hand and Wrist Ref
    • Upper Extremity in Cerebral Palsy
    • Halo Orthosis in Children
    • Halo Orthosis
    • Gun Shot Wounds
    • Gun Shot Wounds: Plumbism
    • Gun Shot Wounds to the Spine
    • Gustilo Classification of Open Tibial Frxs
    • Handbook of Lower Extremity Infections, 3rd EditionHandbook of Lower Extremity Infections, 3rd Edition
    • Growth Abnormalities in Amputation Stumps in Children
    • Growth of Proximal Tibial Epiphysis
    • Growth Plate Anatomy
    • Grisel’s syndrome
    • Greater Trochanteric Osteotomy
    • Grade III and IV Spondylolisthesis
    • Grade IIIB Open Tibial Frx
    • Grade II Open Tibial Fractures
    • Grade III A
    • Glomus Tumor
    • Giant-cell tumor of bone
    • Genetic Disorders and congenital malformations
    • Gallium Scanning
    • Ganz Osteotomy for DDH
    • FVFG: Hip Preparation
    • FVFG: Insertion of Guide Pin
    • FVFG: Vessel Exposure and Anastomosis
    • Fungal Vertebral Osteomyelitis
    • Fusion of the Spine
    • Fusion to Sacrum
    • FVFG: Fibular Harvest
    • Frx thru Tubercle of the Scaphoid
    • Frx thru Waist of the Scaphoid
    • Full Thickness Burns
    • Frx of Proximal Tibial Epiphysis
    • Frx of the Lateral Condyle in Children
    • Frx of the Medial Condyle in Children
    • Frontal Pins for Halo Fixator
    • Fibulectomy for Fractures of the Tibia with Intact Fibula
    • Free Vascularized Fibular Grafting
    • Fractures of the Lateral Talar Process
    • Fractures of the Lesser and Greater Trochanter
    • Fractures and Dislocations of the Proximal Fibula
    • Fracture Dislocations of the Spine
    • Four Part Humeral Fracture
    • Foot and Ankle Amputation
    • Flexor Tendon Reconstruction: Proximal Tendon Anchorage
    • Floating Knee Injuries (ipsilateral femoral and tibial shaft frx)
    • Flexor Pollicis Longus Rupture: (Mannerfelt Lesion)
    • Flexor Pollicis Brevis
    • Flexion-Distraction Injuries (Seat Belt Types)
    • Flexion Tear Drop Fracture
    • Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis
    • Flat Back Syndrome
    • Flexion and Extension Spaces
    • Flexion and Extension Views of C-spine
    • Flexion Contacture of the PIP Joint
    • Finger and Hand Incisions
    • Finger Tip Injuries
    • Finkelstein’s test and the Grind Test
    • Fibrosarcoma of Bone
    • Fibrous Dysplasia:
    • Fibular Hemimelia: (longitudinal fibular deficiency)
    • Fibrocartilage
    • Plantar Fibromatosis
    • Femoral Shaft Nonunion
    • Femoral Tunnel – 2 Incision Technique
    • Femoral Shaft Frx: Children aged > 10 yrs
    • Femoral Reaming: for THR
    • Femoral IM Nail Entry Point
    • FDS Laceration
    • Fasciotomy of the Leg
    • Fabellofibular (and Arcuate Ligament Complex)
    • Facet Joint Injuries
    • External Rotators of the Hip
    • Extra-articular Thumb Metacarpal Fractures
    • External Fixators for Distal Tibial Frx
    • External Fixators for Tibial Frx
    • External Fixators: Reduction and Final Wrist Position
    • External Fixators: Technique of Metacarpal Pin Insertion:
    • External Fixation for Pelvic Frx
    • External Fixation for Pelvic Frx: Technique of Pin Insertion
    • External Fixation of Distal Radius Frx: Post Operative Care
    • External Fixation to Control Hemorrhage
    • External Fixators
    • Extensor Tendon Lacerations: Zone VI: (dorsum of hand)
    • External Fixation for Pediatric Femur Fractures
    • Extensor Pollicis Brevis
    • Extensor Pollicis Longus
    • Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
    • Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
    • Tibial Plafond Frx: Surgical Exposure of Tibial Articular Surface
    • Extension Block Casting
    • Exam: Spondylolithesis
    • Ewing’s Sarcoma Bibliography
    • Exam of the Lumbar Spine
    • Etidronate Sodium (Didronel)
    • Ewing’s Sarcoma
    • Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae – Streptothrix – (Pen)
    • Epithelioid Sarcoma
    • Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae: – Streptothrix –
    • Entry into the Medullary Canal
    • Eosinophilic Granuloma
    • Eosinophilic Granuloma of the Spine
    • Endoscopic Carpal Tunnel Release
    • Enhancement of Fixator Stability
    • Enneking’s Stages of Osteonecrosis
    • Enchondral Ossification
    • Enchondroma
    • End to Side
    • Electrical Burns
    • Electrodiagnosis for CTS
    • Elbow Condylar Fractures
    • Eikenella Corrodens
    • Dysplastic Spondylolisthesis
    • Dwarfism and Dysplasias
    • Dynamic Compression Plates, DCP, 3.5 mm
    • Dynamization of External Fixator
    • Dupuytren’s Contracture: Transverse Palmar Incision
    • Dural Membrane of the Spine
    • Dupuytren’s Contracture
    • Dupuytren’s Contracture: Subtotal Palmar Fascietomy
    • Dual Photon Absorptiometry
    • Double Major Curves
    • Dorsal Interossei
    • Dorsal Articular Lip Frx: (Dorsal Barton’s)
    • Dorsal Dislocations of the DIP Joint
    • DMD: Scoliosis
    • Distal Realignment for Patellar Subluxation
    • Distal Third Humeral Frx: Holstein Lewis
    • Distal Tibial Fractures: Technique of IM Nailing
    • Distal Interlocking for Tibial IM Nails
    • Distal Phalangeal Fractures
    • Dislocations of the Thumb MP Joint
    • Cervical Total Disc Replacement
    • Diskectomy
    • Dislocation Menu
    • Discussion of IM Nails for Tibial Fracture
    • Discussion of Limb Lengthening
    • Disc Herniation
    • Discussion of Fibroma
    • Differential Dx of C-Spine Pathology
    • Differential Dx of Stress Fractures
    • Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis
    • Digit Replantation / Upper Extremity Reconstruction
    • Diff Dx of Low Back Pain
    • Diff Dx in MED
    • Diff Dx of Bone Tumors by Anatomic Site
    • Diastrophic Dwarfism
    • Diabetic Foot and Ankle
    • Dexamethasone/Decadron
    • Development of Atlas
    • Design of Acetabular Components
    • Desmoplastic Fibroma
    • Desmopressin (Synthetic Arginine Vasopressin) (DDAVP, Stimate)
    • Dens Fracture
    • Decubiti/Pressure Ulceration
    • Deep Palmar Arch
    • Deep Posterior Compartment
    • Delta Phalanx (longitudinally bracketed epiphysis)
    • Debridement of Open Tibial Fractures and Infected Tibial Fractures
    • DCP, 3.5 mm Applied as a Self Compression Plate
    • Erosion of the Distal Phalanx
    • Current Orthopaedic Trends
    • Cefoxitin/Mefoxitin
    • Causes of Hypercalcemia
    • Casting Technique for Boxer’s Fracture (Metacarpal Neck)
    • Cat Scratch Disease (bacillary angiomatosis)
    • Cauda Equina Syndrome
    • Cast Brace for Humeral Frx
    • Cast Treatment of Tibial Fractures
    • Carpometacarpal Fracture Dislocation
    • Cartilage Growth
    • Cartilagenous End Plate of Intervertebral Disc
    • Carpal Tunnel References
    • Carpal Tunnel Release: Surgical Approach
    • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    • Cardiopulmonary Function in Scoliosis
    • Carpal height & Carpal height ratio
    • Cardiac Enzymes
    • Camptodactyly
    • Cancellous Bone
    • Cancellous Bone Screws: 4.5 and 6.5
    • Candida: Infections
    • Calcitonin Salmon/ Calcimar / Miacalcin Nasal Spray
    • Calcaneal Frx: Primary Frx Line
    • Calcaneal Frx: Secondary Frx Line
    • Calcaneal pins
    • Calcaneofibular Ligament
    • Cad Cam Socket
    • Caffey’s Syndrome (Infantile cortical hyperostosis)
    • Burst Frx of Spine
    • Burns of the Hand
    • Bunnel Test for Intrinsic Tightness
    • Burkhalter Transfer for Claw Deformity
    • Bulbocavernosus Reflex
    • Brown Sequard Syndrome
    • Bucholz Classification
    • Bracing for Scoliosis
    • Boxer’s Fracture (Metacarpal Neck)
    • Brachial Neuritis
    • Boutonniere deformity of the Thumb MP joint
    • Bone Patellar Bone Reconstruction: Graft Fixation
    • Bone Patellar Bone Repair: Graft Insertion
    • Bone Remodeling
    • Bone Scan for Scaphoid Frx
    • Bone Scan in Non Cemented THR
    • Bone multicellular units
    • Bohler’s angle
    • Bone Graft Harvest Menu
    • Bone Grafting for Tibial Fracture
    • Blood Supply to the Tibia
    • Blounts Disease
    • Bleeding from Pelvic Frx: Angiography and Embolization
    • Blood Supply of the Spinal Cord
    • BKA: Long Posterior Flap Technique
    • Blastomycosis: Infections
    • Bisphosphonates
    • Bite Wounds
    • Bilateral InterFacet Dislocation
    • Bicondylar and Type V Plateau Frx
    • Bicondylar Planteau Frx: Indirect Reduction
    • Bier Block Anesthesia
    • Bibliography for osteosarcoma
    • Beclomethasone, Beconase, Vancenase, Nasal Inhaler
    • Bending Cantilever
    • Bennett’s Fracture Dislocation
    • Becker Muscular Dystrophy
    • Back Pain in the Child
    • Bacteriology of Hand infections
    • Bacillus anthracis
    • Avoid Internal Rotation of Tibial Component
    • Avulsion Frx of Base of 5th Metatarsal
    • Avulsion of the Tibial Tubercle
    • AVN following Tibial Plateau Fractures
    • AVN of the Hip: Core Decompression
    • Autonomic Dysfunction
    • Atrophic Non Union
    • Atlantooccipital disassociation
    • CTS: Postoperative Care and Complications
    • Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: Clinical Findings
    • Crossed Finger Flap
    • Cruciate Anastomosis
    • Crescent Frx: (Sacroiliac Fracture)
    • CROMOLYN SODIUM/INTAL/ NASALCROM, OPTICROM
    • Cranio-Maxillary-Facial Injuries
    • Crankshaft Phenomenon
    • Cortex Screw: 3.5 mm
    • Cortical Bone
    • Cotrel-Dubousset
    • Coventry Method of HTO
    • Coracobrachialis
    • Coracoid Process / CA Ligament
    • Considerations in Selection of Treatment
    • Contaminated Wound Care
    • Congenital Scoliosis and Vertebral Defects
    • Congenital Trigger Thumb
    • Congenital Kyphosis
    • Congenital Pseudarthrosis of Tibia
    • Congenital Scoliosis: Epiphysiodesis
    • Condylar Fracture
    • Congenital Deformities of the Hands
    • Spinal Compression Fractures
    • Complications of Femoral IM Nailing
    • Complications of High Tibial Osteotomy
    • Compartment Syndrome resulting from Tibial Frx
    • Compartment Syndromes of Hand and Forearm
    • Complex Dislocations of the MP Joint
    • Comminuted Weber C Fractures
    • Compartment Syndrome Pressure Monitoring
    • Combined Lesions of the Median and Ulnar Nerves
    • Comminuted Femoral Shaft Frx – Type IV
    • Collagen Biosynthesis
    • Collagen Disorders
    • Collar Button Abscess
    • CMC Joint / CMC Arthritis
    • Closing Wedge HTO: Intermedics Plate Fixation
    • Closed Reduction of Intertrochanteric Fractures
    • Clenched Fist Injury
    • Classification of Pilon Fractures
    • Classification of Proximal Humeral Frxs
    • Classification of Anterior Pelvic Injuries
    • Classification of Intertrochanteric Fractures
    • Classification of Osteogenesis Imperfecta
    • Classic Osteosarcoma
    • Classification of Club Foot
    • Classification of Pelvic Fractures:
    • Chronic Sclerosing Osteomyelitis
    • Circumferential Growth
    • Cierny Classification of Osteomyelitis
    • Chondrosarcoma
    • Chordoma
    • Chondroectodermal Dysplasia
    • Chondromyxoid Fibroma
    • Choice of Incisions for Dupuytren’s Contracture
    • Chondrodysplasia Punctata
    • Chevron Osteotomy
    • Chinese Fasciocutaneous Radial Rorearm Flap
    • Cervical Spondylosis
    • Cervical Stenosis
    • Cervical Wedge Compression Fractures
    • Chance Fracture of the Spine
    • Cervical Spine
    • Cervical Spine in Ankylosing Spondylitis
    • Cervical spine in JRA
    • Cervical Spine in RA
    • Cervical Radiculopathy
    • Central stenosis
    • Central Venous Catheterization
    • Atlanto-axial Impaction (Basilar Invagination)
    • AtlantoAxial Rotatory Subluxation in Down’s Syndrome
    • Associatted Transverse and Posterior Wall Fractures
    • Articular Reconstruction of Calcaneal Frx
    • Artery Menu
    • Arthrodesis of the First MP Joint
    • Arthrodesis of the MP joint and Finger Joints
    • Arterialized Venous Skin Flaps
    • Arterio-venous malformations
    • Open Tibia Fractures: Type C – (Arterial Injuries)
    • Arterial Injuries: in THR
    • Arterial Supply to Femur
    • Arterial Development of the Limbs
    • Arcosyndactyly
    • APC II
    • APC III
    • Application of External Fixators for Distal Radius Frx
    • Approach to Thoracolumbar Spine
    • AP of Spine
    • AP View of Pelvis
    • APC-I
    • AO/ASIF Femoral Distractor
    • AO/Weber: Type A Malleolar Fractures
    • Antiglide Plate for Weber B Fractures
    • Anteromedial Approach
    • Anti-Fungal Agents
    • Antiasthmatic
    • Anterolateral Tibial Bowing
    • Classification of Anterior Posterior Compression Injuries
    • Anterior Subluxation (Hyperflexion Sprain) & Wedge Frx
    • Anterior Talofibular Ligament
    • Anterior Tibial / Dorsalis Pedis Arteries
    • Anterior Wall Fractures
    • Anterior Pelvic Frx: Anterior Plate Fixation Options
    • Anterior Pelvic Injuries
    • Anterior Pelvic Injuries: Open Surgical Approach w/ Plates
    • Anterior Drawer Test
    • Anterior Facet of Subtalar Joint
    • Anterior Corticocancellous Graft Harvest
    • Anterior Crest Harvest – Inner Table
    • Anterior Arthrodesis of Cervical Spine
    • Anterior Column of the Acetabulum
    • Anterior Column: the anterior half of the vertebral body
    • Anterior Compartment of the Leg
    • Antegrade IM Nailing Technique for Femoral Shaft Frx
    • Anterior Approach for Lumbar Burst Frx
    • Anterior Approach to the Cervical Spine
    • Ankle Varus Deformity
    • Annular Band Syndrome
    • Annular Tear
    • Annulus fibrosus
    • Ankle Frx: Plate Position and Application
    • Angular Slipping in Spondylolisthesis
    • Anesthesic Considerations for Spine Patients
    • Aneurysmal Bone Cyst
    • Aneurysms of the Upper Extremity
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Hand
    • Anatomy of the Axis
    • Anatomy of the CMC Joint
    • Anatomy of Sacrum
    • Anatomy of Carpal Tunnel
    • Anatomy of Femur
    • Anatomy of Patella
    • Anatomy and Kinematics of the Knee Joint
    • Anatomy and Radiographs of the Midfoot
    • Anatomy of Atlas
    • Anatomic Snuff Box
    • Anatomic Axis
    • Amputation of the Finger and Hand
    • Amphotericin B/Fungizone
    • Akin Procedure
    • Adult Lateral Condyle Fracture
    • Adult Scoliosis
    • Adult Both Bone Forearm Frx
    • Adult Both Bone Forearm Frx: PreOp Planning
    • Adult Degenerative Spondylolisthesis
    • Adult Humeral Inter-condylar Fractures
    • Adult Humeral Inter-condylar Fractures: Preparation and Positioning
    • Adult Humeral Inter-condylar Fractures: Restoration of Frx Anatomy
    • Adolescent Blounts Disease
    • Adductor Pollicis
    • Acyclovir/Zoviraz
    • Adamantinoma
    • Achondroplasia
    • ACL: Optimal Graft Angle:
    • ACL_optimal_graft_position
    • ACL Tibial Tunnel Position:
    • ACL Tunnel Position Based on Graft Length
    • Infraspinatus
    • Adult Humeral Inter-condylar Fractures: Plate Application
    • Acetabular Exposure and Preparation for Reaming
    • Accessory Navicular
    • Accessory Bones of the Foot
    • Acceptable Reduction for Pediatric Both Bone Forearm Frx
    • Absent Thumb
    • Abductor Pollicis Brevis
    • Superficial Plantar Muscles of the Foot
    • Abductor Digiti Minimi
    • Multiple Myeloma
    • Cranio Facial
    • Bone Topics
    • Fractures of the Radius and Ulna Menu
    • Femoral Shaft Fracture Menu
    • Fractures of the Humerus Menu
    • Category: Amputation
      • Transmetatarsal Amputation
      • Syme’s Amputation
      • Below-Elbow Amputation
      • Chopart Amputation
      • Basic Science Articles for Amputations
      • Amputation Menu
      • Amputations in the Diabetic Patient
    • Category: Cranio Facial
      • Craniotomy Care
    • Category: Femur
      • Winquist Classification of Femoral Shaft Frx
      • Femoral Component Design Considerations
    • Category: Foot
      • Tumors of Foot and Ankle
      • Treatment of Club Foot
      • Skew Foot
      • Ref for Clubfoot
      • Radiographic Studies: Foot
      • Proximal Metatarsal Osteotomy for Hallux Valgus
      • Polydactyly of Foot
      • Operative Timing for Club Foot Deformity
      • Ludloff Osteotomy for Hallux Valgus
      • Hallux Valgus: Mau Osteotomy
      • Is the Hallux Valgus Congruent or Incongruent?
      • Infections of the Foot
      • Hallux Claw Toe: intrinsic imbalanced hallux
      • Hallux Rigidus and Cheilectomy
      • Hallux Valgus and Bunion Surgery
      • Forefoot and Toe Deformities
      • Foot Inclusion for External Fixators
      • Foot Lumbricals
      • Examination of the Diabetic Foot
      • Cavovarus Foot
      • Casting for Club Foot
      • Calcaneovalgus Foot
      • Bunionette / Overlapping 5th Toe Deformity
      • Congenital Vertical Talus
      • Compartment Syndrome of the Foot
      • Coleman Block Test
      • Clubfoot: Posteromedial Release – Greenville Method
      • Club Foot: Combined Soft-Tissue and Bone Procedures
      • Claw Toes
    • Category: Hand
      • Dislocations of Thumb IP Joint
      • Ulnar Translocation
      • Ulnar Variance
      • Ulnar Artery: Hypothenar Hand Syndrome
      • Ulnar Bursae
      • Opening Wedge Proximal Metatarsal Osteotomy
      • Interosseous Membrane
      • Eye
      • Arteries of the Upper Limb
    • Category: Humerus
      • Surgical Neck Fractures of the Humerus
    • Category: Pelvic
    • Category: Radius and Ulna
      • Ulnar lengthening
      • Treatment of Distal Radius Frx Malunion
      • Darrach’s Procedure
      • Non Operative Treatment of Distal Radius Fracture:
      • Caput Ulnae Syndrome
      • Boyd Surgical Approach
    • Category: Spine
      • Wrightlock Spinal Fixation System
      • Spondylolysis: Bone Scans
      • Spinal Procedures (and rib)
      • References – Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis
      • Longitudinal Growth
      • Central Cord Syndrome
      • Anterior Cord Syndrome
    • Category: Tibia and Fibula
      • Tibial Non Unions
      • Single Limb Stance
      • Role of the Ankle and Subtalar Joint in Gait
      • References for the Talus
      • Pilon Frx: Restoration of Tibial Articular Surface
      • Physical Exam of Sub Talar Joint
      • Opening Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy
      • Distal Tibia
  • Category: Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT)
    • Prophylaxis for Deep Venous Thrombosis
    • asadvt
    • References: XARELTO (rivaroxaban)
    • DVT Treatment – Vitamin K antagonists
    • Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT) – Ultrasound
    • Treatment of DVT and PE
    • Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT) – Treatment
    • DVT Risk Reduction – Trauma, Pelvic Fractures, and Extremity Fractures
    • DVT Risk Reduction – TKA
    • DVT Treatment – Thrombolytics
    • DVT Risk Reduction – THA
    • Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT) – Risk Reduction
    • DVT and PE – Risks
    • DVT and PE References
    • Phytonadione/Vit K
    • Measures of Clotting Cascade
    • Management of Pulmonary Embolism
    • DVT Treatment – low molecular weight heparins (LMWH)
    • Infection
    • Hypercoagulable States / Conditions
    • DVT Risk Reduction – Hip Fracture
    • Glucose/Dextrose
    • Erythromycin
    • Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT)
    • DVT: Intermittent Compression Stockings
    • DVT & PE arising from Trauma, Pelvic Fractures, and Extremity Fractures
    • DVT/PE in TKR
    • DVT (Deep Venous Thrombosis) – Diagnosis
    • Deep Venous Thrombosis – General Discussion
    • Coagulation Pathways
    • Aspirin for DVT
    • DVT Treatment – Anticoagulants
    • Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT) – Overview
  • Category: Disaster Preparedness
    • 9. Fogarty Catheter Use
    • 8. Vascular Shunt
    • 7. Cut-down for Vascular Access
    • 6. Soft Tissue Coverage (Austere Environment) — Flaps and Vacuum-Assisted Closure (VAC)
    • 5. Escharotomy
    • 4. Fasciotomy
    • II. Battlefield/Austere Environment Trauma Systems (continued 2)
    • II. Battlefield/Austere Environment Trauma Systems (continued 3)
    • 3. External Fixation of Upper Extremity/Lower Extremity/Periarticular Fractures with Limited Resources (no X-ray)
    • VI. Compartment Syndrome in an Austere Environment
    • VII. Extremity Burns in an Austere Environment
    • VII. Extremity Burns in an Austere Environment (continued)
    • VIII. Extremity Vascular Injuries in an Austere Environment
    • V. Axial Skeleton Injuries in an Austere Environment – I
    • V. Axial Skeleton Injuries in an Austere Environment – II (continued)
    • V. Axial Skeleton Injuries in an Austere Environment – III (continued)
    • V. Axial Skeleton Injuries in an Austere Environment – IV (continued)
    • V. Axial Skeleton Injuries in an Austere Environment – V (continued)
    • Orthopaedic Disaster Preparedness and Trauma Care Curriculum
    • Orthopaedics in Motion
    • IV. Extremity Fractures in an Austere Environment
    • Hand Fasciotomy
    • III. Extremity Soft Tissue Care and Amputation in an Austere Environment
    • disaster_preparedness_toolbox_explore
    • disaster_preparedness_toolbox_training
    • Disaster Preparedness Toolbox
    • Orthopaedic Disaster Preparedness and Trauma Care Resource Library
    • Orthopaedic Disaster Preparedness and Trauma Care Educational Courses
    • I. Combat/Disaster Injuries
    • Disaster Injuries (continued)
    • Debridement
    • SOMOS Core Curriculum and Critical Skills List
    • II. Battlefield/Austere Environment Trauma Systems
    • Flexor Pollicis Longus
    • Flexor Digitorum Profundus
    • Extensor Indicis
    • 1. Wound Dressing/Splinting in Preparation for Transport
    • Toolbox Content
  • Category: Foot Ankle
    • Radiographic Studies of the Foot and Ankle
    • Foot and Ankle in CP
    • Examination of the Foot and Ankle
    • Diabetic Foot and Ankle: Vascular Pathology
  • Category: Joints
    • Shoulder: Internal Impingement Syndrome
    • Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics – Commercial Web Sites
    • Kienbock’s disease: Lunatomalacia
    • Percutaneous Fixation of Scaphoid Fractures:
    • Orthofix Research Form #1 – Tibial Shaft Fractures – New Patient
    • One Incision Technique for Femoral Tunnel
    • Evaluation of ACL Tear
    • Distal Radial Ulnar Joint
    • Closed Reduction of Distal Radius Fractures
    • Classification of Carpal Instability
    • Technique of Total Shoulder Arthroplasty
    • Internet Driven Form Generator for Brief Op note, Orders, Prescriptions, and Patient Education Sheet.
    • TKR – Posterior Cruciate Ligament Retaining Prosthesis
    • TKR: Valgus Deformity
    • TKR: Evaluation and Management of Bone Defects
    • Total Knee Replacement – Patient Saftey Packet
    • Total Knee Replacement – Day 1
    • Wrist Menu
    • Zero Rotation Views
    • Zanca View (AC Joint View)
    • PreOperative Radiographs for TKR
    • Wrists: Physical Exam
    • X-ray Findings in Rotator Cuff Tears / Impingement Syndrome
    • X-ray Findings in SLD
    • Wrist Arthrodesis
    • Wrist Arthrography
    • Wrist Arthroscopy
    • Wrist Disarticulation
    • Wound Closure for TKR
    • Work Up for Scaphoid Frx
    • Work Up for Shoulder Dislocation
    • Work Up of the Painful Total Knee Arthroplasty
    • Work Up for Brachial Plexus Injuries
    • Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics – Journal Watch
    • Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics – Journal Watch
    • West Point Axillary View
    • Watson test
    • Vitamin-D Deficient Rickets
    • Volar Intercalated Segment Instability (VISI)
    • Vastus Medialis
    • Vascular Problems of the Wrist and Hand
    • Vascularity of the Lunate
    • Vastus Lateralis
    • Vascular Anatomy of Menisci
    • Unstable / Displaced Scaphoid Fracture
    • Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty
    • Types of Anterior Dislocation
    • Types of Knees for AKA Prosthesis
    • Types of Meniscal Tears
    • Type I Epiphyseal Injury: of Proximal Humerus
    • Tunnel Radiograph of Knee
    • Tumors of the Distal Femur
    • Tumors of the Proximal Tibia
    • Total Shoulder Replacement
    • Triquetrium
    • Triamcinolone
    • Triangular Space of Shoulder
    • Treatment of Volar Wrist Ganglions
    • Treatment of Dorsal Wrist Ganglions
    • Traumatic Dislocations of the Knee
    • Trapezius
    • Transverse Tarsal Joint
    • Transstyloid Perilunar Dislocation
    • Transection of the Subscapularis
    • Transaxial View of the Shoulder
    • Trans-scaphoid Perilunate Dislocation
    • Total Shoulder Arthroplasty: Deep Dissection
    • Total Shoulder Arthroplasty: Glenoid Component
    • Toxic Shock Syndrome
    • Total Knee Arthroplasty
    • Total Patellectomy
    • TKR: Surgical Approach
    • TKR: Trial Components and Tracking
    • TKR: Rotational Alignment using AP Axis
    • TKR: Subluxation of the Patellar Component
    • TKR: Patellar Eversion
    • TKR: Patellar Resurfacing Technique
    • TKR: Patellar Revision
    • TKR: Patient Positioning, Prepping and Draping
    • TKR following HTO
    • Instability following TKR:
    • TKR: Lateral Retinacular Release
    • TKR: Deep Exposure
    • TKR Osteolysis
    • TKR: Femoral Component
    • TKR Femoral Cuts: Anterior, Posterior, Chamfer Cuts
    • TKR: Femoral IM Alignment Rod
    • TKR: Flexion Gap
    • TKR: Effects of Component Rotation
    • Shoulder Arthroplasty – Mobilization and Repair of Subscapularis
    • _nme93commnued_colles_facures_a_prosecpive_trial_ofmaagement
    • Toe Walking:
    • TKR: Distal Femoral Sizing Guide
    • TKR: Consequences of Joint Line Elevation
    • TKR: Distal Femoral Resection
    • Total Knee Replacement: A Guide for Patients
    • TKR: Biomechanics & Prosthetic Design Considerations
    • Throwing Shoulder
    • Total Shoulder Replacement vs Hemiarthroplasty
    • Theory of Tension Band Wiring
    • Teres Minor
    • Tension Band Fixation: w/ Screws
    • Tension Band for Patella Frx
    • Teres Major
    • Technique of Cross Table Lateral
    • Synovium of the Knee
    • Synovial Chondromatosis
    • Synovial Plica
    • Surgical Treatment of Scaphoid Frx
    • Suspension Traction for Femur Frx
    • Surgical Treatment of Proximal Humeral Fracture
    • Surgical Technique for TKR
    • Surgical Incision for Anterior Reconstruction
    • Surgical Approach for TKR
    • Supracondylar Femoral Frx: Post Op Care
    • Suprascapular Nerve
    • Superomedial Portal
    • Supinated Oblique View
    • Superior Glenoid Labrum Lesions: (SLAP)
    • Subscapularis Muscle
    • Subluxation / Dislocation of the Patella
    • Subscapular Artery
    • Subscapular Nerve
    • Stryker Notch View
    • Staged Revision for Infected Total Knee Joint
    • Staging of Impingement Syndromes
    • Stabilizers of the Shoulder
    • Sprengel’s Deformity
    • Space of Poirier
    • Smith’s Fracture
    • Scapholunate Interosseous Ligament and Anatomy of SLD:
    • SLD: Acute Ligament Tear – Repair Technique
    • Sindig-Larsen-Johanssen disease
    • Shoulder Menu
    • Shoulder: Physical Exam
    • Hemiarthroplasty of the Shoulder
    • Shoulder Dislocation: Associated Injuries
    • Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
    • Shoulder Impingement Test
    • Shoulder in Brachial Plexus Palsy
    • Shoulder Arthroplasty: Humerus Preparation and Component Insertion:
    • Trial Reduction of Shoulder Arthroplasty:
    • Shoulder Arthroscopy: Anterior Portal
    • Shoulder Arthroscopy: Thermal Capsular Shrinkage
    • Should Arthroplasty for Management of Massive RTC Tear
    • Shoulder Arthrography
    • Septic Knee
    • Serendipity View
    • Serratus Anterior
    • Scapholunate Instability
    • Scapholunate Ligament Repair:
    • Scapula
    • Scapular Fractures
    • Scapular Outlet View
    • Scaphoid Frx References
    • Scaphoid Impaction Syndrome
    • Scaphoid Nonunion
    • Scaphoid / Scaphoid Fracture
    • Scaphoid Shift Maneuver
    • Scapholunate Advanced Collapse (SLAC)
    • Scaphoid Frx: Non Diagnositic X-ray
    • Salter Harris Type II: Distal Femoral Physeal Fractures
    • Rotatory Stress Test for Anterior Instability
    • Rotator Cuff Tears
    • Rotator Cuff Tears: Frequency of Tears
    • Rotator Cuff Tears: Non Operative Treatment
    • Rotator Cuff Tears: Partial Rotator Cuff Tear
    • Rotational Alignment of Femoral AP Cutting Guide
    • Rotator Cuff: References
    • Role of Knee Joint in Locomotion
    • Role of Allografts in Repairing Chondral Defects of the Knee:
    • Role of Arthroscopy in HTO
    • Rheumatoid Wrist
    • Rhomboids
    • Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty
    • Revision TKR: Isolated Liner Exchange
    • Revision TKR: PreOperative Considerations
    • Revision TKR Surgical Approach
    • Revision TKA: Femoral Component
    • Revision Total Knee Replacement:
    • Revision Bankart Repair w/ Capsular Shift
    • Revision of Patellar Component:
    • Revision TKR: Revision of Patellar Component:
    • Reverse Hill Sach Lesion
    • Reverse Pivot Shift Test
    • Research
    • Open Repair of Supraspinatus / Infraspinatus Tear
    • Repair of the Torn Meniscus
    • Repairs of the Lateral Meniscus
    • Repairs of the Medial Meniscus
    • References for Colles Fracture
    • Reduction of Surgical Neck Fractures
    • Reduction: Posterior Dislocation
    • Reduction of Anterior Dislocation
    • Reconstructive Surgery / Flaps / Grafts
    • Radiology of the Hand and Wrist
    • Radiographs for HTO
    • Radiographs for Posterior Shoulder Dislocation
    • Radiographic Imaging of Scaphoid Frx
    • Radiographic Studies for the Shoulder
    • Radiographic Findings in Hemophilia
    • Radiographic Evaluation of the Knee
    • Radiographic Aspects
    • Radiographic Changes in Rickets and Osteomalacia
    • Radial Ulnar Joint Instability
    • Radial Meniscus Tear
    • Quadrangular Space
    • Puncture of the Knee Joint
    • Q angle of the Knee
    • Proximal Row Carpectomy
    • Proprionobacter acnes
    • Proliferative Myositis
    • Pronated Olblique View
    • Preparation for Knee Arthroscopy
    • PreOp Planning for TKR
    • PreOp Planning for Arthrodesis
    • PreOp Planning for IM Nailing
    • Posterior Stabilized Prosthesis
    • Posterior Meniscal Tear: Open Meniscal Repair
    • Posterior Impingement
    • Posterior Horn Tears of Medial Meniscus
    • Posterior Cruciate Ligament Exam
    • Posterior Cruciate Ligament: Femoral Tunnel
    • Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
    • Posterior Cruciate Ligament Avulsion Injuries
    • Posterior Approach to Shoulder
    • Post Op Care of ACL Reconstructions
    • Positioning and Setup of ACL Reconstruction
    • Positioning for Tibial IM Nailing
    • Polymyalgia Rhematica
    • Popliteal Artery
    • Popliteal Mass: differential diagnosis
    • Plate Fixation
    • Pisiform
    • Physical Therapy after TKR
    • Physical Exam and Evaluation of Colles Frx
    • Physical Exam for ACL Tear
    • Physical Exam: for Anterior Instability
    • Pes anserinus
    • Perilunate Dislocations
    • Pediatric Patellar Avulsion Frx (Sleeve Fracture)
    • Pediatric BKA
    • Pectoralis Transfer for Irreparable Subscapularis Rupture
    • Pathology of the Patello-Femoral Joint
    • Pathogenisis
    • Patellar Tendonitis (Jumper’s Knee)
    • Patellofemoral Malalignment
    • Patellar Tendon Avulsion from TKR
    • Patellar Tendon Harvest
    • Patella: / Patella Femoral Function
    • Patellar Clunk Syndrome and Patellar Fibrosis
    • Patellar Tendon Avulsion
    • Patella in TKR
    • Patella Infera
    • Patella Infera following TKR
    • Partial Patellectomy
    • Patella Alta
    • Patella Frx following TKR
    • Parsonage-Turner Syndrome / Neurologic Amyotrophy
    • Painful Total Knee Arthroplasty: Component Misplacement
    • Pagets Disease
    • Osteonecrosis of Knee
    • Osteochondral Fractures of the Patella
    • Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee
    • Orthotic Management of Blounts Disease
    • Os Acromiale
    • Orthopaedic Index P
    • ORIF of Bicondylar Frx
    • Open Excision of Distal Clavicle
    • Open Supracondylar Frxs
    • One Incision Technique for Femoral Tunnel
    • One Part Proximal Humeral Fracture
    • Obstetrical Paralysis
    • Oblique Popliteal Ligament
    • Non Operative Treatment of Supracondylar Femoral Fractures
    • Non-Displaced Scaphoid Fractures
    • Non Dissociative Carpal Instability
    • Neuropathic Shoulder
    • Musculoskeletal Labs
    • Multipartite Patella
    • Multidirectional Instability
    • MRI Shoulder: Transaxial View:
    • MRI: of Rotator Cuff Tears
    • MRI Imaging of the Shoulder:
    • MRI Shoulder: Coronal Oblique Imaging:
    • Mosaicplasty and Cartilage Transplants for Chondral Injuries of the Knee
    • Morphine Sulfate
    • Modified Weaver Dunn Procedure
    • Misc. TKR articles
    • Milch Technique of Shoulder Reduction
    • Microscopic features of the Meniscus
    • Mid-Carpal Instability
    • Metastastic Lymphoma
    • Metallurgy: TKR
    • Merchant Technique
    • Meniscii
    • Medial Suprapatellar Plica
    • Medial Plica (Shelf Plica)
    • Medial Portals
    • Medial Meniscus
    • McMurray Test: (Br.J. Surg. 1942. 407)
    • Management of Vascular Injuries in Knee Dislocation
    • Management of Massive RTC Tear
    • Management of Meniscal Tears w/ ACL Deficiency
    • Malposition of the Joint Line
    • Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma
    • Lunate
    • Lunate Implant
    • Lunotriquetral Dissociation
    • Losee Test
    • Longitudinal Meniscal Tear
    • Lipoma
    • Lister’s Tubercle
    • Limb Salvage for Osteosarcoma
    • Liposarcoma
    • Limb Lengthening of the Femur
    • Knee Arthrodesis
    • Ligaments of the Wrist
    • Lesser Tuberosity Fractures
    • Lateral View of Wrist
    • Lateral Retinacular Release
    • Lateral Tibial Plateau Frx: Type I (“Minimally Displaced”)
    • Lateral Radiograph of the Knee
    • Lateral of Colle’s Frx
    • Lateral: of Shoulder (Tangential or Y view)
    • Lateral Plateau Frx: Approach & Fixation
    • Lateral Meniscus
    • Lateral Compartment Disease: Varus Osteotomy
    • Lateral Approach to the Femur
    • Knee Pain/Derangements in the Child
    • Knee Fusion using External Fixation
    • Knee Joint
    • Knee Joint Menu
    • Knee Fusion following TKR
    • Knee Arthroplasty: Polyethylene Wear
    • Kinematics of Wrist
    • Ketorolac/Toradol
    • Intimal Injuries
    • Internal Rotators of the Shoulder
    • Insall and Salvati Method
    • Infected Total Knee Joint
    • Indications for Patellar Resurfacing
    • Indications and Contraindications: for HTO
    • Index: N – O
    • Index: B
    • IM Pin Fixation of Clavicle Frx
    • IM Tibial Nailing: Skin Incision and Exposure
    • Ilizarov Method: Pain relief
    • Ibuprofen/Motrin/Rufen/Advil/Nuprin
    • Hypophosphatemic Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets
    • HTO: Staple Fixation
    • Historic Operations
    • Hip Joint Index
    • Hill Sachs Lesion
    • High Anterolateral Portal
    • High Tibial Osteotomy
    • Herbert Screw Fixation of Scaphoid Frx
    • Hemi-resection Arthroplasty of R-U Joint
    • Heel Off Phase of Gait
    • Hemangioma of Soft Tissue
    • Hand Splints for Spinal Cord Injury
    • Hanging Cast
    • Hamate
    • Gun Shot Wounds: Missiles Characteristics
    • Osteonecrosis of the Humeral Head
    • Greater Tuberosity Fractures
    • Motivation for Soft tissue resurfacing / Enhanced microfracture technique
    • Glenohumeral Joint
    • TSR: Bone Grafting for the Glenoid Component
    • Genu Valgum
    • Gastrocnemius Flap
    • Garth View (Apical Oblique)
    • Ganglionic Cysts of the Wrist
    • Gait
    • Frozen Sections in Total Joint Arthroplasty
    • Frozen Shoulder
    • Fractures of the Patella
    • Fracture through Proximal Third of the Scaphoid
    • Fracture Dislocations of the Shoulder
    • Foot Selection for AKA Prosthesis
    • Forces Displacing Humeral Fractures
    • Floating Shoulder Injuries
    • Flexion Contracture of TKR
    • Flexion Deformity of the Knee in CP
    • Femur Fracture Following TKR
    • Femoral Tunnel for ACL Reconstruction
    • Femoral Physeal Frx: Growth Plate Arrest
    • Femoral Artery
    • Femoral and Tibial Traction Pins
    • Femoral Arteriogram
    • Fat Pads
    • Failed Acromioplasty / Rotator Cuff Surgery
    • Fascioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy
    • External Rotators of Shoulder
    • Extension Gap
    • Examination for Posterolateral Rotary Instability of the Knee
    • Examination of Knee
    • Examination of the Patellofemoral Joint
    • Exam for Scapholunate Instability
    • Erb’s Palsy
    • ACL Epidemiology
    • Emboli to Upper Extremity Vessels
    • Elbow Joint Menu
    • Dynamic Instability
    • Drain in TKR
    • Dorsal Scapular Nerve
    • Dorsal Wrist Pain
    • Double Bundle ACL
    • Dorsal Approach to the Wrist
    • Dorsal Intercalated Segment Instability: (DISI)
    • Division of Subscapularis & Capsule
    • DMD: Contractures of the Lower Extremities
    • DMD: Contractures of the Upper Extremities
    • Adult Distal Radius Frx: Non Operative Treatment
    • Distal Femoral Physeal Fractures
    • Distal Femoral Physeal Frxs: X-ray Evaluation
    • Distal Femoral Shaft Fractures
    • Distal Femoral Osteotomy
    • Natural History of Anterior Shoulder Dislocation:
    • Discoid Meniscus
    • Differential Dx of Hemarthrosis
    • Differential Diagnosis of Impingement Syndrome
    • Differential Diagnosis of Shoulder Pain
    • Diff Dx of Dorsal and Radial Sided Wrist Pain
    • Diff Dx of Late Infected Total Joints
    • Diff Dx of Rotator Cuff Tear
    • Total Joint Replacement – Importance of Glucose Control in Diabetics
    • Descending branch of the Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery
    • Descending Genicular Branch of superficial femoral artery
    • Design and Function of the Patellar Component in TKR:
    • Delayed Union of Tibial Plateau Frx
    • Washout and Debridement: for Acutely Infected TKR
    • Debridement of Chondral Defects of the Knee
    • Cefamandole/Mandol
    • Casting of Scaphoid Fractures
    • Cartilage Topics
    • Carpal Tunnel View
    • Carpal Instability
    • Capitate-Hamate Fusion
    • Capitate
    • Calcific Tendinitis of Shoulder
    • C6 Neurologic Level: (C5-C6 disk)
    • C7 Neurologic Level
    • Bursae and Bursitis of the Knee
    • Bupivacaine / Marcaine
    • Bucket Handle Meniscus Tear
    • Broden’s Views
    • TKR: Femoral Component Box Cut:
    • Bones
    • Bone Grafting for Scaphoid Nonunion / Malunion
    • Blood Supply to the Humerus
    • Blood Supply to the Knee
    • Blood Supply to the Wrist
    • BKA Prosthesis
    • Blackburne and Peel Method
    • Bipartite Patella
    • Biomechanics of the Patello-Femoral Joint
    • Biopsy of Musculoskeletal Tumors
    • Below Knee Amputation
    • Bankart Lesion
    • Bankart Reconstruction Techniques
    • Basal Cell Carcinoma
    • Baker’s Cyst / Popliteal Cysts
    • Ballottement test (shuck test): Lunotriquetral instability
    • Axillary Artery
    • Axillary View of the Shoulder
    • Axilla view of the Knee
    • Avascular Necrosis of the Scaphoid
    • CT Scan for Scaphoid Frx
    • Conservative Treatment of Patellar Frx
    • Condylar Buttress Plate
    • Complications of Shoulder Arthroplasty
    • Clunk Test
    • Clenched Fist AP
    • Classification of Patellar Fractures
    • Clavicle Fracture: Implants
    • Clavicle Fractures
    • Classification of Chondral and Osteochondral Injuries of the Knee
    • Chronic Unreduced Anterior Shoulder Dislocations
    • Chronic Capitolunate Instability
    • Chondromalacia of the Patella
    • Chondral and Osteochondral Injuries of the Knee
    • Chauffeur’s Fracture: Radial Styloid Fractures
    • Articular Surface Frx of Clavicle: (Type III)
    • Arthroscopy of the Shoulder Joint
    • Shoulder Arthroscopy: Lateral Portal
    • Arthroscopy of the Shoulder: Posterior Portal
    • Arthroscopic Anterior Shoulder Reconstruction
    • Arthroscopic Visualization of Lateral Compartment
    • Role of Knee Arthroscopy following Arthroplasty
    • Joint Arthroscopy:
    • Arthroscopy of the Osteoarthritic Knee
    • Arthroscopic Acromioplasty: Discussion and Outcomes:
    • Arthroscopic Lateral Retinacular Release
    • Arthrodesis of the Shoulder
    • Arthrodesis / Osteotomy
    • Arthrofibrosis from ACL Injuries
    • Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita: (Amyoplasia)
    • Arthroplasty of the Shoulder
    • AP of Shoulder: in the scapular plane
    • AP View of Colle’s Frx
    • AP View of the Wrist
    • Anterolateral Rotatory Instability
    • Anteroloateral portal
    • Anterior Shoulder Reconstruction
    • Anterior Instability of the Shoulder
    • Anterior Humeral Circumflex Artery
    • Anterior Approach to the Hip (Smith Petersen)
    • Anterior Approach to Shoulder
    • Anatomy of Rotator Cuff
    • Anatomy of Proximal Humeral Physis
    • Anaerobic Joint Infections:
    • Anastomoses of Lower Limb Arteries
    • Anatomic Neck Fracture of Humerus
    • Adult Radial Neck Fractures
    • Adson’s maneuver
    • Adhesive Capsulitis of the Shoulder
    • Active Abduction View
    • Acute Ligament Repair for SLD
    • ACL Graft Fixation
    • ACL Reconstruction using Hamstring Tendons
    • Acromioclavicular Joint Stresses Views
    • Acetaminophren/Tylenol
    • Above the Knee Amputation
    • Above Knee Amputation Prosthesis
    • About WRIGHTLOCK and the OCS Instrumentation
    • Abductors of the Shoulder
    • Hemophilia
    • Hyaluronic Acid
    • Joint Friction and Lubrication
    • Category: Ankle
      • Subtalar Fusion
      • References for Ankle Fractures
      • Sub-Talar Joint
      • Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus – Allograft Repair
      • Reduction of Ankle Syndesmosis
      • Posterior Ankle Pain
      • Optimal Position of Ankle Arthrodesis
      • Lateral Radiograph of the Ankle
      • Case Examples of SER / Weber B frx
      • Blood Supply to Talus
      • Biodegradable Fixation of Ankle Fractures
      • Complications of Ankle Arthrodeses
      • AP of Ankle
      • Anterolateral Approach to the Ankle
      • Anterior Impingement Syndrome of the Ankle
      • Ankle Sprain
      • Ankle Valgus
      • Ankle Frx: Medial Clear Space vs Lateral Talar Shift
      • Screw Fixation for Ankle Arthrodesis:
      • Ankle Equinus: in CP
      • Ankle Fracture Dislocations
      • Ankle Fracture Menu
      • Anke Equinus Contracture
      • Ankle Arthrodesis
      • Ankle Arthrodesis – Discussion
      • Anatomy of the Ankle
      • Ankle Joint Menu
    • Category: Elbow
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      • Nursemaid’s Elbow / Radial Head Subluxation
      • Type III Radial Head Fracture
      • volkmanns_contracture_in_children_aetiology_and_prevention
      • Vascular Injuries in Supracondylar Frx
      • Upper Extremity Amputations
      • Upper Extremity Prosthetics
      • Undisplaced Olecranon Frx
      • Type III Supracondylar Frx
      • Type II Supracondylar Frx
      • Type III Olecranon Frx
      • Type II Olecranon Frx
      • Type I Radial Head Fracture
      • Type I Supracondylar Frx of the Humerus
      • Triceps Reflecting Approach to the Elbow
      • Triceps Splitting Approach to the Elbow
      • Treatment of Hemophilia
      • Traumatic Brachial Plexus Palsy in Children
      • Transverse Fractures
      • Transcondylar fractures
      • Total Elbow Arthroplasty
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      • Olecranon Fracture
      • _
      • Throwing Injuries
      • Supracondylar Fractures: Percutaneous Pin Fixation
      • Steindler Flexorplasty
      • Salter Harris Classification of growth plate fractures
      • Safe Zone for Radial Head Frx
      • Retrograde IM Nailing of Humeral Shaft Frx
      • Release of Elbow Flexion Contracture Thru Kocher Approach
      • Reduction: Supracondylar Fractures
      • Reduction of the Posterior Dislocation
      • Radiology of the Elbow
      • Radiology of the Pediatric Elbow
      • Radiographs for Supracondylar Fractures
      • Radiographs for Fractures of the Olecranon
      • Radial Head Prosthetic Replacement
      • Pediatric Radial Neck Fracture
      • Radial Head Frx
      • Radial Head Frx & Elbow Dislocation
      • Radial Head Frx & MCL Instability
      • Radial Head Frx: Type II
      • Posterolateral Elbow Instability
      • Posterolateral Approach to Elbow (Kocher)
      • Posterior Approach to the Elbow
      • Plate Fixation of Olecranon Frx
      • Physical Exam for Supracondylar Frx
      • Pediatric Supracondylar Fractures of the Humerus
      • Pediatric Radial Head Frx
      • Pediatric Fractures of the Olecranon
      • Pediatric Elbow
      • Panner’s Disease / Osteochondrosis
      • Pediatric Throwing Elbow:
      • Osteochondritis of the Elbow
      • Open Reduction: Supracondylar Frxs
      • One Third Tubular Plate Applied as a Tension Band Plate
      • Olecranon Osteotomy
      • Olecranon Pins
      • Oblique Fractures
      • Medial Collateral Ligament of the Elbow
      • Lateral Approach to the Elbow: (Kaplan)
      • Krukenburg’s Operation
      • Intercondylar fractures
      • Injuries of the Throwing Elbow
      • Humeral Shaft Fractures in Children
      • Heterotopic Ossification of the Elbow
      • Fractures of the Olecranon
      • Fractures of the Coronoid Process + Olecranon
      • Fracture Dislocations of Olecranon
      • Flexion Type Supracondylar Frx
      • Extension Type Supracondylar Fractures
      • Excision of Olecranon
      • Excision of Radial Head
      • Epiphyseal Artery
      • EMG in Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
      • Elbow Dislocations in Children
      • Elbow Joint
      • Elbow Arthritis:
      • Elbow Arthroscopy
      • Ebow Flexion Contracture / Stiff Elbow
      • Distal Olecranon Fracture
      • Distal Humeral Physeal Separation
      • Dislocations of the Elbow
      • Capitelar and Coronal Shear Frx
      • Bauman’s Angle for Supracondylar Fractures
      • Avulsion Fracture
      • Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: effects of elbow flexion
      • Cubitus Varus
      • Coronoid Process Fractures
      • Congenital Dislocation of Radial Head
      • Complex Elbow Dislocations
      • Complex Radial Head Fractures
      • Comminuted Fractures of Olecranon
      • Aspiration of Elbow Joint
      • AO Classification (Muller)
      • Anatomy of Olecranon
      • Acinetobacter anitratus
      • Above Elbow Amputation
    • Category: Hip
      • THR: Posterolateral Approach – Discussion
      • Legg Calve Perthes Disease
      • Transverse fractures – K Wire Insertion
      • _
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      • _
      • _
      • _
      • _
      • Selection of Implant for Acetabular Revision
      • Role of Hip and Pelvis in Gait
      • Rotational Alignment of Femoral Shaft Frx
      • Heterotopic Ossification of the Hip
      • Hip Fracture – Operative Planning
      • History & Physical Form
      • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
      • Surface Coating for Press Fit Femoral / Acetabular Components:
      • Anesthesia, Medical Considerations, and Timing for Femoral Neck Frx
      • Algorithm for Treating DDH
      • X-rays for Femoral Neck Fractures
      • Vit D: Discussion
      • Urine Analysis
      • Urine analysis: Specific Gravity: > 1.023 indicates nl [ abilities
      • Urinary Tract Infection
      • Ultrasound for DDH
      • Types of Femoral Stem Loosening
      • Types of Hemiarthroplasty Stems
      • Type II – V: Posterior Hip Fracture Dislocations
      • Type I Transepiphyseal Separation
      • Tumoral Calcinosis
      • Tumors of Soft Tissue
      • Treatment: SCFE:
      • Treatment of DDH: New born (birth to 6 months)
      • Treatment of CDH: Age 18 mo to 36 months
      • Treatment of DDH
      • Transfusion Therapy
      • Transfusion Therapy – Aprotinin
      • Traction for DDH
      • Total Hip Arthroplasty
      • Total Hip Arthroplasty: Bone Ingrowth
      • _
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      • _
      • _
      • _
      • _
      • _
      • _
      • _
      • Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty
      • Pre Op Planning for Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty
      • Revision Femoral Component Arthroplasty
      • Titanium
      • Operative Timing of Hip Fracture Surgery:
      • Thromboembolism in Hip Frx
      • THR: Trial Reduction and Determination of Leg Length
      • THR: Wound Closure
      • THR: Skin Incision for Posterolateral Approach
      • THR: Subsidence
      • THR: Trial Reduction
      • THR: Positioning and Prepping
      • THR: Posterolateral Approach
      • Initial Exposure for THR:
      • THR: Osteolysis
      • THR: Femoral Neck Resection
      • THR: Periprosthetic Femur Fractures
      • THR in the Dysplasic Hip
      • THR: Cement Degradation & Fragmentaton
      • THR: Cemented Acetabular Component
      • THR: Press Fit Acetabular Component
      • THR: Femoral Anteversion:
      • THR: Acetabular Component Anteversion:
      • THR: Acetabular Component
      • THR: Acetabular Component Biomechanics
      • The elevated-rim acetabular liner in total hip arthroplasty: relationship
      • Technique of Blade Plate Insertion
      • Technetium 99m
      • Technical Failures Causing Loosening
      • Survivorship and Postoperative Function of Total Knee Replacement
      • Subsynovial Intra Articular Ring
      • Stress Fractures of Femoral Neck
      • Stress Shielding from Femoral Components
      • Teicoplanin
      • Stage IV
      • Stage III
      • Stage II of AVN
      • Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Tarda
      • Spiral Blade
      • Spherical Acetabular Osteotomy for DDH
      • Sliding Screw Fixation in Subtroch Frx
      • Sliding Screw-Plate Angle
      • Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis:
      • Sliding Compression Screw Devices
      • Sliding Hip Screws: Low Plate Angle
      • Simple Posterior Hip Dislocation (Type I)
      • Singh Index for Osteoporosis
      • Sickle Cell Anemia: Musculoskeletal Aspects
      • Septic Arthritis: Pediatric Hip
      • Septic Arthritis: General Orders and Treatment
      • Sed Rate in THR
      • SCFE: Should the Contralateral Hip be Pinned?
      • Salter Harris: Type IV
      • Salter Osteotomy
      • Role of Heparin in Hip Frx
      • Role of Aspirin in Hip Frx
      • Role of Dextran in Hip Frx
      • Risedronate (Actonel)
      • Revision THR: Cemented Femoral Component
      • Revision THR: Cementless Femoral Stem
      • Retinacular Arteries (their formation)
      • Resection Arthroplasty of the Hip
      • Renal Toxins: associated with Oliguria
      • Renal Osteodystrophy
      • References for Thromboembolic Rx in Hip Frx
      • References for Warfarin
      • References for Wound Infection / Healing
      • References for Sickle Cell Anemia
      • References for Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
      • References for Osteoporosis
      • References for Renal Failure
      • References for Cefazolin
      • Radiolucent Lines: Loose THR
      • Radiology of the Hip
      • Radiology of the Musculoskeletal System
      • Radiographic Templating of Femoral Neck Length:
      • Radiographic Findings in SCFE
      • Radiographic Evaluation of Hip Dislocation
      • Radiographic Evaluation of Perthes’ Disease
      • Radiographic Evaluation of the Acetabular Cup
      • Radiographic Features: DDH
      • Radiographic Evaluation
      • THR: Psoas Tendonitis
      • Psoas Muscle
      • Prophylaxis for DVT
      • Press Fit Femoral Stems
      • Methods to Prevent Surgical Infection:
      • Preradiographic (Stage 1) of AVN
      • PreOp Planning for THR
      • PreOp THR X-Rays: Limb Length
      • Preclinical (Stage 0) of AVN
      • Prazosin/Minipreq
      • Posterior Frx Dislocations of the Hip
      • Post Operative Radiographic Evaulation of THR
      • Posterior Acetabular Wall Fractures
      • Polyethylene and Polyethylene Wear
      • Planning for THR: Considerations for Specific Diseases
      • Pistoning and Subsidence of Femoral Stems
      • Planning for THR: Considerations for Acetabular Fracture
      • SCFE: Screw Placement
      • Piriformis
      • Physical Exam of DDH
      • Pelvic Osteotomy for DDH
      • Bone Circulation:
      • Pavlik Harness
      • Pavlik harness: Position for Reduction Safe Zone
      • Pathology of the Hip Joint in the Child
      • Pathologic Hip Fractures
      • Pathogenesis of DDH
      • Pathogenesis of Legg Calve Perthes Disease
      • Paprosky classification of Acetabular Defects
      • Evaluation of the Painful Total Hip Replacement:
      • Oxygenation of Ventilated Patients
      • Osteonics – Patient Education: New Technology For Total Hip Replacement
      • Osteoporosis
      • Osteomyelitis in the Child
      • Osteomyelitis in the Infant:
      • Osteoclasts
      • Orthotics for the Foot
      • Ortolani’s Test: for Congenital Hip Dislocation
      • Orthopaedic Infections
      • Operative Techniques for Hip Frx: Pins
      • Open Reduction for DDH
      • Open Reduction of Femoral Neck Fracture
      • Open Reduction of Posterior Frx Dislocations of the Hip
      • Obturator Externus
      • Obturator Internus
      • Naproxen / Naprosyn / Anaprox
      • Natural History of AVN
      • Natural History of DDH
      • Musculoskeletal Considerations in Pregancy and Post Pregnancy
      • Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia
      • Mucopolysaccharidoses
      • MRI of Hip
      • MRI of AVN of Femoral Head
      • Modified Hardinge – Anterolateral Approach to the Hip
      • Mixed Venous O2 / VO2-DO2
      • Misc. THR Articles
      • Miss A Nail Technique: (Special Aiming Arm)
      • Methenamine Hippurate/Hiprex
      • Metastastic Bone Carcinoma
      • Metal on Metal Total Hip Replacement
      • Meperidine/Demerol
      • Medications for Osteomyelitis
      • Medial Femoral Circumflex Artery
      • Medial Approach to Hip
      • Management of Respiratory Failure
      • Low Molecular Wt Heparins / Enoxaparin (Lovenox)
      • Legg Calve Perthes Disease: Non Operative Treatment
      • Laboratory Evaluation of Infected / Septic THR
      • Infected THR – Debridement and Retention of Components:
      • Infected THR – 2 Stage Revision
      • Iron Overload / Hemochromatosis
      • Intrameduallary Devicies
      • Insertion of Cemented Femoral Stem
      • Infected / Septic THR
      • Indications
      • Index: G
      • Impediments to Reduction in DDH
      • Idiopathic Transient Osteoporosis of the Hip
      • Hyperparathyroidism
      • Hydroxyapatite Crystals / Prosthetic Coating
      • Histology of Hyperparthyroidism
      • Hip Spica Cast
      • Hip Joint Effusions
      • Hip Joint in CP
      • Hip Joint in Rheumatoid Arthritis
      • Hip Joint Menu
      • Hip Fractures in Children
      • Hip Frx: Angle of Guide Pin Insertion
      • Hip Frx: Screw Length
      • Hip in Myelomeningocele
      • Hip in Osteoporosis
      • Hip Joint Arthroscopy
      • Hip Aspiration / Anterior Hip Capsulotomy
      • Hip Capsule
      • Embryology of the Hip
      • Hip Dislocation
      • Hip Arthrodesis
      • Heterotopic Ossification
      • Heparin
      • Hemiarthroplasty of the Hip
      • Hematocrit
      • Gravity Method of Stimson
      • Gluteus Medius
      • Gentamicin/Garamycin
      • Gaucher’s Disease
      • Gemellus Superior and Inferior
      • General Features and Pathology of Hematogenous Osteomyelitis
      • Garden I & II: Diagnosis and Treatment
      • Garden III & IV Hip Frx
      • Garden’s Alignment Index
      • FVFG: Surgical Technique
      • FVFG: Clinical Hours and Operative Scheduling
      • Frx of Ipsilateral Femoral Shaft and Hip
      • Fractures of the Femoral Neck
      • Dislocations and Fracture Dislocations of the Hip
      • Forces acting on the Hip Joint
      • Fondaparinux / Arixtra
      • Fluids and Electrolytes in the Head/Spine Injured Pt
      • THR: Femoral Head Size
      • Femoral Shaft Frx in Children: 2 to 10 yrs
      • Femoral Shaft Frx in Infants: 0 to 2 yrs
      • Femoral Shaft Frx: Leg Lengths / Nail Lengths
      • Femoral Osteotomy in DDH
      • Femoral Neck Frx: Acceptable Reduction Parameters
      • Femoral Neck Frx: Techniques of Closed Reduction
      • Femoral Neck Non-Union
      • Femoral Component
      • Femoral Component Offset:
      • Femoral Anteversion in Children:
      • Femoral Anteversion
      • Evaluation for THR Loosening
      • Estrogen / Premarin
      • DVT/PE Prophylaxis in THR
      • DVT/PE Ref
      • Dual X-ray Absorptiometry
      • Down’s Syndrome: Orthopaedic Considerations
      • Distal Fixation of Press Fit Femoral Components
      • Dislocations of the PIP Joint
      • Dislocation of THA
      • Discussion of Sliding Hip Screw Devices
      • Differential Diagnosis of Metabolic Bone Diseases
      • Differential Diagnosis and Causes of Osteoporosis
      • Dextran 40
      • Developmental Dislocation of the Hip
      • DDH: 6 to 24 months of age
      • DDH: Non-Anatomic Positioning of the Acetabulum in THR
      • Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)
      • Cefuroxime/Zinacef
      • CE Angle of Wiberg
      • Cannulated Screws for Femoral Neck Fracture
      • Calcar Femorale
      • Calcar Pivot
      • Broaching for Press Fit Stems
      • Broaching for THR
      • Broken Femoral Stems
      • Bone Scan: in THR
      • Bone-Scanning for Diagnosis of AVN
      • Bone Marrow
      • Blood Supply to Femoral Head & Neck
      • Bipolar Arthroplasty
      • Bigelow’s Maneuver: for Posterior Hip Dislocation
      • IM Nailing and Sliding Screw Fixation of Femoral Neck Fractures:
      • Barlow’s Test
      • Bacitracin
      • AVN: Pathogenesis
      • Avascular Necrosis of Femoral Head
      • Avascular Necrosis of Femoral Head from IM Nailing
      • AVN following Femoral Neck Fracture
      • Avascular Necrosis after Hip Dislocation
      • Avascular Necrosis Associated w/ DDH
      • Crowe Classification
      • Coxa Vara and Acquired Coxa Vara
      • Conversion of Hemiarthroplasty to THR
      • Conversion of Fused Hip to THR
      • THR: Constrained Acetabular Liners
      • Configuration and Number of Cannulated Screws for Hip Fracture
      • Collar: in THR
      • Closed Reduction for DDH
      • Closed Reduction in Child Older than Six Months
      • Closed Reduction of Posterior Hip Dislocation
      • Cleidocranial Dysplasia (Dysostosis)
      • Classification of Acetabular Defects
      • Chronic Slip
      • Chondrolysis
      • Chondrolysis Following SCFE
      • Chondroblastoma
      • Chiari Osteotomy
      • Checklist for Operative Rx of Intertroch Frx
      • Cement Mixing Technique for TJR
      • Cement Removal: (following component removal)
      • Cemented Femoral Stems
      • Cementing Technique for THR
      • Central Acetabular Fracture Dislocations
      • Specific Causes of AVN
      • ATB Index: M-N
      • Aspirin/Bayer
      • Associated Injuries w/ Posterior Hip Dislocations
      • Ascending Cervical Branches to the Hip
      • Aspiration of the Hip Joint
      • Arthrogram following THR
      • Antibiotic Prophylaxis
      • Anterolateral Approach to Hip Joint: (Watson Jones)
      • Anterior Dislocations of Hip
      • Anatomic Positioning of the Acetabulum in THR for the Dysplasic Hip
      • Allis’s maneuver: for Hip Dislocation
      • Alendronate / Fosamax
      • Algorithm for Treating DDH
      • Albrights Syndrome
      • Acute Slip
      • Addition of Antibiotics to Cement
      • Acute on Chronic Slip
      • Adult Acetabular and Femoral Anteversion:
      • Acetabular Inclination
      • Acetabular Protrusio
      • Acetabular Cup Insertion
      • Acetabular Component Revision w/ Gap Cup
      • Acetabular Component Revision: Pelvic Discontinuity
      • Acetabular Component Revision: High Hip Center
      • Acetabular Component Revision
      • Acetabular Component Position
      • Acetabular Component Loosening
    • Category: Knee
      • General Discussion of Patellar Subluxation / Dislocation
      • Wound Complications following TKR – Hematoma, Necrosis, Infection
      • Triple Arthrodesis: Intra-Op Positioning
      • Triple Arthrodesis: PreOp Planning and X-rays
      • Vascular Injuries from TKR
      • TKR: Saggital Alignment of the Femoral Component:
      • Function After TKR
      • Periosteal Resurfacing of Knee Chondral Injuries and Arthritis
      • Osteonics TKR
      • TKR: Non Resurfaced Patella
      • Nail Patella Syndrome
      • Knee Joint Tumors:
      • Knee Flexion Contracture
      • Laboratory Findings for Infected Total Knee Replacement:
      • TKR: Femoral Component Notching
      • Bilateral Knee Replacement
      • Reduction in Bleeding in TKR
    • Category: Shoulder
      • Posterior Shoulder Dislocation / Instability
      • Winging Scapula
      • Shoulder, Clavicle, and Humerus Procedures
      • Shoulder Arthroplasty: Aequalis System
      • Diagram of Two Shoulder Incisions
    • Category: Wrist
      • Palmar Radial Extrinsic Wrist Ligament
      • Posterior Anterior View of the Wrist
  • Category: Lumbar Spine Textbook
    • Lumbar Spine Online Textbook – Contents
    • The Contributors of the Lumbar Spine Online Textbook
    • The Editors of the Lumbar Spine Online Textbook
    • Lumbar Spine Online Textbook
  • Category: Muscles Tendons
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    • _
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    • Rotator Cuff Repair Techniques
    • Primary Flexor Tendon Grafting
    • Partial ACL injury
    • Orthofix Research Form #1 – Tibial Shaft Fractures – 1 year Follow Up
    • Orthofix Research Form #1 – Tibial Shaft Fractures – 6 month Follow Up
    • Characteristics of Metals and Implants
    • Ciprofloxacin/Cipro
    • Anatomy of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament
    • Anatomy of the Forearm
    • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
    • Amoxicillin/K+ & Clavulic acid/Augmentin
    • Aldolase: 1.5 -12.0 micro / lit
    • TKR: Soft Tissue Release of Valgus Deformity
    • Zone II Flexor Injuries
    • Aortic Regurgitation
    • Zone 1 Flexor Injuries
    • Zone III
    • Young Modulus
    • Wound Management
    • Wires Insertion Techniques
    • Which is better, the Knife or Electrocautery
    • Volar PIP Dislocation
    • Volar Plate Arthroplasty for PIP Dislocation
    • Volkmann’s contracture
    • Visoelastic Materials
    • Vibrio vulnificus
    • Vercuronium
    • Vastus Intermedius
    • Varus Stress Test
    • Valgus Stress Test
    • Urologic Management of the Spinal Cord Injured Patient
    • Upper Extremity Tendon Trasfers: Tensioning the Graft
    • Upper Extremity: JRA
    • Unstable Fractures
    • Ultimate Tensile Strength
    • Ulnar drift: of MP joints
    • Type III Collagen
    • Type III FDP Avulsion
    • Type II Clavicle Frx (Medial to CC Ligaments)
    • Type II Collagen
    • Type II FDP Avulsion
    • Type I FDP Avulsion
    • Type I Collagen
    • Trochanteric Osteotomy Technique
    • Triceps Brachii
    • Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex
    • Treatment of ACL Disruption
    • Treatment Lisfranc’s Sprain and Minimally Displaced Frx
    • Transverse Ligament Rupture
    • Transverse and Oblique Retincular Ligament
    • Transfixation Wire Properties
    • TKR: Soft Tissue Balance and Collateral Ligaments
    • Discogenic Pain
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    • Index: T
    • _
    • Tibialis Posterior Rupture: FDL Transfer
    • Ticarcillin- K Clauvlanate/Timentin
    • Tibialis Anterior
    • Tibialis Posterior
    • THR: Measure Leg Lengths
    • Thoracoacromial Artery
    • Theophylline
    • Theory of Dynamic Compression Plates
    • TFCC Repair
    • TFCC Tear: Associated Injuries
    • TFCC: Examination
    • Tendon Vascular Supply and Nutrition
    • Tennis Elbow – Lateral Epicondylitis
    • Tenolysis of Flexor Tendons
    • Tendon Repair Techniques
    • Tendon Transfers
    • Tendon Transfers for Low Median Nerve Lesions
    • Tendon Transfers for Radial Nerve Palsy
    • Tendon Transfers for Radial Nerve Palsy: Finger Extension Deficit
    • Tendon Architecture
    • Tendon Injuries of the Hand
    • Tendon Injuries of the Thumb
    • Tendon Injury, & Repair
    • Systemic Lupus
    • Synthes Tibial Nail: Proximal Interlocking
    • Syndesmotic Sprain
    • Swan Neck Deformity
    • Swing Phase of Gait
    • Surgical Technique of THR: Posterior Capsule
    • Surgical Technique THR: Split the Maximus
    • Surgical Treatment of Acute Gamekeeper’s Thumb
    • Surgical Treatment of Gamekeeper’s Thumb
    • Surgical Technique of THR: External Rotators
    • Surgical Exposure for Rotator Cuff Repair
    • Surgical Approaches to the Ankle
    • Surgical Approach for Sliding Hip Screw
    • Supraspinatus Muscle
    • Supracondylar Femoral Frx: Operative Treatment
    • Superfical Posterior Compartment
    • Superior Gluteal Artery
    • Subclavian Vein Approach
    • STSG Surgical Technique
    • Strain
    • Sternoclavicular Joint Injury
    • Staph epidermidis
    • Stage III: Posterior Tibial Tendonitis
    • Staged Flexor Tendon Reconstruction
    • Stage II: Posterior Tibial Tendonitis
    • Stage I: Posterior Tibial Tendonitis
    • Spiral Cords
    • Spinal Muscular Atrophy
    • Spasticity
    • Spinal Disorders Involving the Anterior Horn Cells
    • Soleus
    • Soleus Muscle Flap
    • Shoulder Capsule / Static Stabilizers of Shoulder
    • Shoulder Capsule
    • SH Type III Phalangeal Frx
    • Semitendinosus
    • Semimembranous
    • Scaphoid Nonunion: 3.5 mm Cannulated Screw Insertion
    • Sartorius
    • Rupture of Flexor Tendon Repair
    • Rupture of the Quadriceps
    • Rupture of the Tibialis Posterior
    • Running Injuries
    • Rim Fractures
    • Rheumatoid Gamekeeper’s Thumb
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis: MP joint
    • Rheumatoid Boutonniere
    • Rhabdomyosarcoma
    • Rest Activity
    • Reperfusion Injury / Crush Injury
    • Repair of FDP Lacerations
    • References for TPN Nutrition
    • References for Metastasis
    • Reference for Amphotericin
    • Rectus Femoris
    • Rectus Capitis Posterior Major
    • Radiographs: for Game Keeper’s Thumb
    • Radiographic Studies for Ankle Sprains
    • Radial Skin Incision using BR – ECRL interval
    • Radial Collateral Ligament Disruption
    • RA: Extensor Tendon Rupture: (Vaughn-Jackson syndrome)
    • Quadriceps Muscle
    • Quadratus Plantae
    • Pull Thru Technique for FDP Reinsertion
    • Proximal Biceps Tendon Rupture
    • Prosthetic Flexor Tendon Grafts
    • Pronator Teres
    • Pronator Quadratus
    • Profunda Brachi Artery
    • Pre-Tendinous Cord
    • Prebending of Plates
    • Posterolateral Rotary Instability of the Knee
    • Post Operative Care of Achilles Tendon Repair:
    • Posterior Oblique Ligament
    • Posterior Cruciate Ligament
    • Posterior Capsular Ligament – Role in TKR
    • Post Op Care: for Flexor Tendon Repair
    • Post Op Care: Zone II Injuries
    • Positive Sharp Waves
    • Popliteus Muscle
    • Polarus IM Nail
    • Polio: Claw Toes
    • Poliomyelitis
    • Plantar Muscles of the Foot
    • Plantaris
    • Plantar Fascia
    • Plantar Fasciitis
    • PIP Joint in Duputren’s
    • PHENTOLAMINE
    • Pes Cavus
    • Pes Cavus / Cavovarus: Charcot Marie Tooth
    • Pes Planus / Flat Foot
    • Peroneus Brevis
    • Peroneus Longus
    • Peroneus Tertius
    • Peroneal Tendon Dislocation
    • Periosteal Chondroma: (Juxta Cortical Chondroma)
    • Periosteal Osteosarcoma
    • Periosteal Artery
    • Percutaneous Fixation of Type II Frx
    • Perforating Vessels of the Femur
    • Pediatric Mallet Deformity
    • Pectoralis Major
    • PCL Reconstruction: Fixation Techniques
    • Pathophysiology of Compartment Syndrome
    • Pathology of Boutonniere Injuries
    • Pathoanatomy of Congential Clubfoot
    • Patho-Anatomy of Dupuytren’s
    • Patellar Tendon Graft Preparation
    • Partial Laceration of Flexor Tendons
    • Palmaris Longus Tendon Graft Harvest
    • OXTRIPHYLLINE/CHOLEDYL
    • Os Trigonum / Posterior Talar Impingement
    • ORIF of Radial Head Fractures
    • Open Acromioplasty
    • Notchplasty
    • Neuroblastoma
    • Neomycin Sulfate
    • Natatory Ligament
    • Natural History of the ACL-Deficient Knee
    • Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy
    • Myelodysplasia
    • Myelomeningocele Club Foot
    • Myasthenia Gravis
    • Myasthenic Syndrome (Eaton-Lambert Syndrome)
    • Muscles and Tendons Menu
    • Muscle Menu
    • Muscles and Ligaments
    • Muscles of the Leg
    • Muscular Stabilizers of the Shoulder
    • Muscle Activity During Gait
    • Muscle Contraction
    • Muscle Fiber Types
    • Muscle Cramps
    • MRI: T1 Discussion
    • MRI: T2 Discussion
    • MSK Changes associated with Steroids
    • Motor Conduction Latency
    • Mortise views
    • Mitral Regurgitation
    • Mitral Valve Prolapse
    • Mobilization of Rotator Cuff for Repair
    • Minimal displacement (Type I) Distal Clavicle Frx
    • Minoxidil/Loniten
    • Middle Phalanx Frx
    • Methylprednisolone / Medrol / Solumedrol
    • Metabolic Sequence: in Muscle Contraction and Relaxation
    • Medial Release
    • Medial Patellofemoral Ligament
    • Medial Compartment of the Knee
    • Medial Epicondylitis
    • Medial Approach to the Elbow
    • Medial Collateral Ligament
    • Matriectomy: for Nail Pathology
    • Manifestations of Hypercalcemia
    • Management of Hyperkalemia
    • Management of Burns
    • Malignant Hyperthermia
    • Limb Lengthening w/ Ring Fixators
    • Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy
    • Ligaments of Humphrey and Wrisberg
    • Ligament Healing Characteristics
    • Leffert Classification of Brachial Plexus Injuries
    • Latissimus Dorsi
    • Hallux Valgus: Lateral Soft Tissue Release and Capsular Repair
    • Lateral Compartment of the Knee
    • Lateral Collateral Ligament
    • Lachman Test
    • Laboratory Dx of Duchennes Muscular Dystropy
    • Knee Capsule
    • Jugular Veins, Internal: Central Approach
    • Intra-articular Retrograde Nail Insertion for Femoral Frx
    • Instability and Wt Relief Flexion Test
    • Internal Rotation
    • Insertional Activity
    • Inferior Gluteal Nerve
    • Index: J – K – L
    • Index: M
    • IM Nailing Technique for Femoral Shaft Frx: Surgical Incision
    • Ilizarov Method: Physiotherapy
    • Ilioinguinal Nerve
    • Ilizarov Half Pin Characteristics
    • Iliohypogastric Nerve
    • Iliacus
    • I Band
    • HypoMagnesemia
    • Histology of Skeletal Muscle
    • Histological Features of Myopathy
    • Hip Adductors
    • HEPATITIS B IMMUNE GLOBIN
    • Hemophilic Arthropathy: Extraarticular Lesions
    • Hammer Toes
    • Hamstring Harvest for ACL Reconstruction
    • Haglund’s Deformity
    • Group II Clavicle Frx – Distal Third Frx
    • Grayson’s Ligament
    • Gracilis
    • Goldner Four Quadrant Approach
    • Gluteus Maximus
    • Giant Cell Tumor of the Tendon Sheath
    • Girdlestone Taylor Procedure
    • Genital Femoral Nerve
    • Gamekeeper’s Thumb
    • Friedreich’s Ataxia
    • Frost Bite
    • Fractures of the Sesamoid Bones of Thumb
    • Fracture Dislocation: at the PIP Joint
    • FPL Advancement and Pull Thru
    • Forearm Extensors
    • Fluconazole / Diflucan
    • Flexor Tendon Repair
    • Flexor Tendon Repair Techniques: Core Suture Techniques
    • Flexor Pulley Repair / Reconstruction
    • Flexor Tendon Pulleys and Sheaths
    • Flexor Digitorum Longus
    • Flexor Digitorum Superficialis
    • Flexor Hallucis Longus
    • Flexor Carpi Radialis
    • Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
    • Fibula
    • Fibrillations
    • FDP Avulsion/Rupture
    • Extremity Tourniquets
    • External Rotation of Knee Joint
    • Extensor Tendon Lacerations: Zone III (PIP joint)
    • Extensor Tunnel I
    • Extensor Mechanism Injuries of the Knee
    • Extensor Mechanism of Fingers
    • Extensor Pollicis Longus Rupture
    • Extensor Tendon Lacerations
    • Extensor Digitorum Brevis
    • Extensor Digitorum Communis
    • Extensor Digitorum Longus
    • Extension Teardrop Fracture of C2
    • Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis
    • Extensor Digiti Minimi (Quniti)
    • Exposure of Proximal Third of Radius through Anterolateral Incision
    • Exam of Boutoniere Injuries
    • Equinovarus Deformity
    • Epigastric and Rectus Abdominis Flap
    • Enterobacter
    • Enterococci Grp D
    • EMG of Myopathic Disorders
    • Electromyography
    • Elastic strain
    • EBI External Fixators
    • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
    • Dorsal Dislocation of the PIP joint
    • Dorsal Fracture Dislocations of the PIP Joint
    • DMD: Equinus Contractures
    • Distal Radius Frx: Use of Ligamentotaxis
    • Distal Interlocking
    • Distal Biceps Tendon Rupture: part one
    • Distal Biceps Tendon Rupture: part two
    • Distal Biceps Tendon Rupture: part three
    • Differentiation SVT vs V Tach
    • Dictation for LRTI
    • Diazepam / Valium
    • Diabetic Skeletal Muscle Necrosis
    • Depolarization
    • DeQuervain’s Disease
    • Dermatomyositis and Polymyositis
    • Deltoid Ligament
    • Deltoid Ligament Injuries arising from Ankle Frx
    • Deltoid Muscle
    • Deltopectoral Approach: Superficial Dissection
    • Dantrolene Na/Dantrium
    • Cyclobenzaprine/Flexeril
    • Curly Toes and Overlapping Toes
    • Cefotaxime/Claforan
    • Ceftazidime/Fortaz/Tazidine
    • Cardioversion: Topics and Technique of
    • Cardiac
    • Calcium Regulation of Muscle Contraction
    • Calcium Supplements
    • C5 Neurologic Level: (C4-C5 Disk)
    • Brachialis Muscle
    • Brachioradialis
    • Boutonniere Injuries
    • Boutonniere Injuries: Chronic Boutonniere
    • Boutonniere Injuries: Non Operative Treatment
    • Boutonniere Injuries: Soft Tissue Reconstructive Procedures
    • Bone Tumors
    • Bone and Fracture Healing
    • Bone Healing w/ Plates
    • Bone Patellar Bone ACL Reconstruction
    • Biomechanics
    • Biomechanics of ACL
    • Biceps Brachii
    • Biceps Femoris
    • Biceps Tendonitis – Tendonopathy
    • Base of Proximal Phalanx
    • Baclofen
    • Axillary Approach to the Shoulder
    • Atlas Frx / Jefferson Fracture
    • Atrial Flutter
    • Atlas Dens Interval
    • Creatinine, Serum
    • Criteria for Extubation
    • Congenital Myopathies
    • Complications of Rotator Cuff Surgery
    • Complications of ACL Reconstructions
    • Compartment Syndrome
    • Collagen
    • CMT Type I
    • CMT Type II
    • CMT Type III
    • Clostridium
    • Clostridium difficile
    • Clonazepam / Klonopin
    • Clinical Manifestations: Hemophilic Arthropathy
    • Cleeland’s ligament
    • Classification of Seizures
    • Classification of Cerebral Palsy
    • Checklist for ORIF of Anteriorly Displaced Distal Radius Frxs
    • Chemistry of Skeletal Muscle
    • Cerebral Palsy
    • Atlantoaxial Rotatory Fixation (Subluxation)
    • Atlantoaxial Subluxation
    • Arcuate Complex
    • Arcuate Ligament
    • Arterial Blood Gas
    • Application of Hex Nut Compression
    • Approach to Distal 1/3 of Radius through an Anterolateral Incision
    • Anteromedial Rotatory Stability
    • Anteroinferior Glenohumeral Ligament
    • Anterior Oblique Bundle of the MCL
    • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Anterolateral Ligament: Let’s Stick to the Facts!
    • Anterior Cruciate Ligament
    • Pediatric Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury
    • Angiosarcoma
    • Anconeus
    • Anatomy of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament
    • Anatomy of Distal Femoral Physis
    • Anatomy and Function of the Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex
    • Anatomy of ACL
    • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
    • Amiloride/Midamor
    • Amdinocillin
    • Albuterol/ Salbutamol/ Proventil/ Ventolin
    • Adductor Hallucis
    • ACL Graft Placement Theory
    • Acromioclavicular Joint
    • Achilles Tendon Rupture
    • Achilles Tendon Rupture: Exam Findings
    • Achilles Tendon Rupture: Non Operative Treatment
    • Swan Neck Deformity following Excision of FDS
    • Anatomy of the Calf
    • Achilles Tendinitis / Tendinosis
    • Insertion of Over-Sized Acetabular Components
    • Muscle Menu
    • AC Joint Separation
    • Abductor Pollicis Longus
    • Abductor Hallucis
    • Healing of Cartilage
  • Category: Nerves Menu
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    • _
    • Radial Nerve Palsy following Frx of the Humerus
    • Pectineus
    • Norfloxacin/Noroxin
    • Hand Motor and Tendon Exam
    • ATB Index: C, D
    • Wallerian Degeneration
    • Waddel Criteria
    • Veins of the Lower Extremity
    • Upper Extremity Tendon Transfers
    • Upper Extremity Arteriogram
    • Ulnar Nerve in Elbow Trauma
    • Ulnar Sided Wrist Pain
    • Ulnar Nerve
    • Ulnar Nerve Blocks
    • Ulnar Artery
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    • _
    • Tibial Nerve
    • THR: Identification and Protection of Sciatic Nerve
    • Third Generation Cephalosporin
    • Terazosin / Hytrin
    • Tendon Transfers for Low Median Nerve Lesions: Camitiz Procedure
    • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
    • T1 Neurologic Level
    • Synovium
    • Surgical Decompression of Cubital Tunnel
    • Sural Nerve
    • Sural Artery
    • Supinator
    • Superior Gluteal Nerve
    • Subcutaneous Transposition of Ulnar Nerve
    • Sensory Conduction Changes
    • Segmental Innervation of Muscles of the Lower Limb
    • Sciatic Nerve
    • Saphenous Nerve
    • RSD: Diagnostic Sympathetic Block
    • Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
    • Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy / Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
    • References for Nerves
    • Reduction of Spondylolithesis
    • Radial Nerve
    • Quadratus Lumborum Muscle
    • Pronator Teres Compression Syndrome – median nerve compression
    • Primary Nerve Repair
    • Preganglionic Brachial Plexus Injury
    • Posterior Interosseous Nerve Compression Syndrome
    • Posterior Interosseous Nerve
    • Posterior Femoral Cutaneous Nerve
    • Posterior Humeral Circumflex Artery
    • Posterior Cord of Brachial Plexus:
    • Posterior Approach for Acetabular Frx: (Kocher Langenbach)
    • Posterior Approach to Humerus
    • Posterior Approach to Knee
    • Plantar Fascia Release
    • Peripheral Neuropathies
    • Peroneal Nerve
    • Peroneal Nerve Palsy in TKR
    • Peroneal Nerve Palsy
    • Palmar Cutaneous Branch of Median Nerve
    • Orthopaedic Anesthesia
    • Orthopaedic Aspects of Leprosy
    • ORIF of Clavicle Frx: Incision and Exposure:
    • Operative Decompression of the PIN
    • Neurosarcoma
    • Neurotmesis
    • Neurologic Deficits: following Supracondylar Frx
    • Neurologic Injury in Acetabular and Pelvic Fractures
    • Neuroma
    • Neurontin / Gabapentin
    • Neuropathic Disorders
    • Nerves arising from S3
    • Neurilemoma/ Schwannoma
    • Neuro
    • Neuro Exam: Brachial Plexus
    • Nerves arising from L3
    • Nerves arising from L4
    • Nerves arising from L5
    • Nerves arising from S1
    • Nerves arising from S2
    • Nerves Menu
    • Nerve Procedures
    • Nerve Repair
    • Nerves and Innervation of the Lower Extermity
    • Nerves arising from L1
    • Nerves arising from L2
    • Nerve Entrapment
    • Nerve Injuries in THR
    • Nerve Injury
    • Mycoplasma Pneumoniae
    • Musculocutaneous Nerve
    • Motor Branch of Median Nerve
    • Laceration Injuries at the Wrist
    • Median Nerve
    • Medial Cord of Brachial Plexus
    • Medial Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve
    • Martin Gruber Anastomosis
    • Management of Tension at Nerve Site Repair
    • Management of Hypocalcemia
    • Lumbrosacral Plexus
    • Lumbar Plexus
    • Long Thoracic Nerve
    • Lateral Cord
    • Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve
    • Lateral Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve
    • Ketamine
    • Innervation of the Knee Joint
    • Innervation of the Leg and Foot
    • Innervation of the Skin of the Gluteal Region
    • Inferior Gluteal Artery
    • Incision for Triple Arthrodesis
    • IM Nailing of Humeral Shaft Frx
    • Ilizarov Method: Neurological Examination
    • Identification of the Musculocutaneous Nerve
    • Identification and protection of the Axillary nerve
    • Group Fasicular Nerve Repair
    • Greater Sciatic Foramen
    • Gluteus Minimus
    • Flexor Hallucis Brevis
    • Flexor Digiti Minimi
    • Femoral Nerve
    • External Fixation of the Humerus
    • Extensor Hallucis Brevis
    • Extensor Hallucis Longus
    • Exam for Spinal Cord Injury
    • Epineural Nerve Repair
    • Entrapment of Median nerve at the Elbow and Forearm
    • Dorsal Approach (Thompson)
    • Disk Herniation: Clinical Presentation and Diff Dx
    • Diff Dx: Ulnar Nerve Dysfunction
    • Differential Diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    • Diff dx: Neurogenic joint
    • Ceftriaxone/Rocephin
    • Carpal Tunnel Release: Release of the TCL
    • Carpal Tunnel Injection / Median Nerve Block
    • C8 Neurologic Level
    • Brachial Plexus
    • Brachial Plexus – Image Map
    • Axonal Neuropathies
    • Axillary nerve
    • Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
    • Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: Submuscular / Intra-muscular Transposition
    • Cranial Nerves and Levels of Brain Function
    • Charcot Marie Tooth: (hereditary motor sensory neuropathy)
    • ATB Index: C, D
    • Arcade of Struthers
    • Anterior Release of Elbow Flexion Contracture
    • Anterior Fixation of the SI Joint
    • Anterior Approach to the Radial Shaft: (Henry)
    • Anterior Approach to Humerus
    • Anatomy and Sites of Compression of Cubital Tunnel
    • Adductor Longus
    • Adductor Magnus
    • Adductor Brevis
    • Anterior Interosseous Branch of Median Nerve
    • Abductor Digiti Minimi Brevis
  • Category: Ortho Related
    • STSG Donor Site
    • Orthopaedic Care of the Diabetic Patient
    • Orthobiologics
    • Medical Topic Index
    • Femoral Bone Grafting in THR
    • Bone Graft Menu
    • Classification of Acetabular Defects and Bone Grafting Options
    • Chondrocyte
    • Chlorohexidine (gluconate)
    • Charcot Changes in the Diabetic Foot and Ankle
    • Articular Cartilage: Injury and Potential for Repair
    • Allograft Bone Patellar Bone Reconstruction
    • Allografts
    • Actinomyces bovis
    • Hyaline Cartilage
    • Category: Lab Tests
      • Lab studies for the TPN patient
      • Base Line TPN Lab Studies
      • Urine culture / dx of UTI
      • Urine pH Analysis: average 4.6-8
      • Urine analysis: Glucose
      • Urine analysis : Ketones
      • Urine Analysis: Protein
      • Urine Analysis: UTI
      • Urine Chemistries and Osmolarity
      • Laboratory Diagnosis of Hyperparathyroidism
      • Lab Menu
      • Lab Studies for Multiple Myeloma
      • Laboratory and Radiographic Workup for Osteomyelitis
      • HypoPhosphatemia: diff dx
      • Coagulation Labs
      • Anemia w/u Labs
      • Alkaline Phosphatase
      • ACID PHOSPHATASE
    • Category: Medical Topics
      • C-Reactive Protein
      • When to use Beta Blockers in the MI patient
      • Local Anesthesia following TKR
      • Complications of Blood Transfusion
      • Function and Activity after TKR:
      • Post Renal Azotemia
      • Pertinent Blood Supply for Hallux Valgus Surgery
      • Peri-Operative Dosing (for patient on Steroids)
      • Role of PeriOperative Oxygen in Reduction of Surgical Infection:
      • Oxygen
      • Positive Influences on Bone Healing:
      • Lactic Acidosis
      • Interpretation of Critical Care measurements
      • Dental Care
      • Dermatology Care
      • Dementia
      • Daily TPN studies during the first week of infusion
      • Causes of QT Widening
      • Causes of Regular Rhythm Tachycardia
      • Cast Syndrome
      • Blood Products Menu
      • Biodegradable Implants
      • Bacterial Biofilm – Orthopaedic Considerations
      • BILIRUBIN
      • AV Block
      • Criteria for Ventilatory Support
      • CPAP
      • Controlled Mechanical Ventilation: (CMV)
      • COMPLICATIONS OF TPN
      • Clinic Notes: Main Page
      • Clinical entities requiring respiratory support
      • Asystole
    • Category: Medications
      • _
      • _
      • _
      • _
      • _
      • Sedative Agents
      • Serum Glucose Sliding Scale
      • Protein, Serum (3.5-5.0 gm/dl)
      • Povan
      • Penicillinase Resistant Penicillins
      • Oxacillin
      • MESORIDAZINE/SERENTIL
      • Methadone/Dolophine
      • Methicillin/Staphlocillin
      • Morsellized Material
      • Medications
      • Inotropic Agents
      • General Orders for Surgical Diabetic Patients
      • Free Vascularized Fibular Graft: The Staff
      • Cloxacillin/Tegopen/Cloxapen
      • CHLORAMPHENICOL/CHLOROMYCETIN
      • CHLORPROTHIXENE/TARACTAN
      • Amphotericin B Mixture Interactions
      • Ampicillin (Amcil, Omnipen)
      • Amantidine
      • Trade Names: D – E – F
      • Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics
      • Zyvox / Linezolid
      • WBC Differential
      • Warfarin (Coumadin)
      • Warfarin Interactions and Resistance
      • Vitamin A
      • Verapamil/Calan
      • Vancomycin
      • Vancomycin Properties in Cement
      • Troglitazone / Rezulin
      • TRIMEPRAZINE/TEMARIL
      • TRIMETHAPHAN / ARFONAD
      • Trimethobenzamide/Tigan
      • Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole/Bactrim/Septra
      • TRIFLUOPERAZINE/STELAZINE
      • TRIHEXYPHENIDYL/ARTANE
      • Triazolam/Halcion
      • Treatment of Hypomagnesemia
      • Treatment of Tuberculosis Infection
      • TRAZODONE/DESYREL
      • Tranylcypromine/Parnate
      • Transdermal/Catapres TTS
      • Tramadol HCL / Ultram
      • Trade Names: S
      • Tobramycin
      • Toe Nail Fungus (Onychomycosis)
      • TOLBUTAMIDE/ORINASE
      • TOLECTIN, TOLECTIN DS
      • Tolmentin
      • Topical Antimicrobials
      • _
      • _
      • _
      • _
      • _
      • Total Knee Replacement – Day 4 and Beyond:
      • TIMOLOL/BLOCADREN
      • Ticarcillin/Ticar
      • Thyroxine / Synthroid / Levothyroid
      • Thyroid Medications
      • THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE (TSH)
      • Thromboxane
      • Thiamine
      • Thiopental
      • Thioridazine/Mellaril
      • Thiothixene/Navane
      • Tetanus Prophylaxis
      • Tetracycline
      • TERBUTALINE
      • Temazepam / Restoril
      • Sulindac/Clinoril
      • Sucralfate/Carafate
      • Sulfamylon: Mafenide Acetate
      • Spironolactone/Aldoactone
      • SORBITOL
      • SODIUM BIPHOSPHATE (Fleet Enema)
      • Sodium Fluoride
      • Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate/Kayexalate
      • Skin Preparation Agents
      • Silver Nitrate
      • Silver Sulfadiazine (Silvadene)
      • Sertraline / Zoloft
      • Sedatives/Hypnotics
      • SALSALATE
      • Rx of Atrial fibrillation
      • Rezulin / Troglitazone
      • Rivaroxaban
      • Renal / Dialysis
      • Relative Potency of Various Steroids
      • References for Augmentin
      • References for Myocardial Infarction
      • Ranitidine/Zantac
      • Quinapril / Accupril
      • PROTRIPTYLINE/VIVACTIL
      • Propoxyphene/ Darvocet / Darvon
      • Prostacyclin
      • Propanolol/Inderal
      • Promethazine/Phenergan
      • Prochlorperazine/Compazine
      • Erythropoietin/ Procrit
      • PRIMIDONE (MYSOLINE)
      • Probenecid
      • Procainamide: Pronestyl/Procan
      • Prednisone
      • PRAZEPAM/CENTRAX
      • Potassium Supplements
      • PNEUMOCOCCAL Vaccine, Polyvalent (Pneumovax)
      • Plicamycin (Mithramycin)
      • Pindolol /Visken
      • Piperacillin / Pipracil
      • PHYSOSTIGMINE/ANTILIRIUM
      • PHENYLEPHRINE/NEO SYNEPHRINE
      • Phenytoin/Dilantin
      • Phenobarbital
      • Pharmocological Agents in Vascular Surgery
      • Phenazopyridine/Pyridium
      • Phenelzine/Nardil
      • PERPHENAZINE/TRILAFON
      • PERICARDITIS
      • PENTOBARBITAL: (NEMBUTAL)
      • Peptic ulcer disease: Gastritis: PUD
      • Penicillamine
      • Penicillin Family
      • Penicillin G Aqueous
      • PENTAZOCINE/TALWIN
      • Pen V Potassium/V Cillin K, PEN VEE K
      • PCAmorphine
      • Paroxetine / Paxil
      • PAROXYSMAL NODAL TACHYCARDIA
      • Parathyroid Hormone
      • Papaverine
      • Pamidronate
      • Pancrease
      • P wave: Discussion
      • Oxaprozin / Daypro
      • OXAZEPAM/SERAX
      • Oxybutynin/Ditropan
      • Oxycodone
      • Otitis media
      • Omerprazole / Prilosec
      • Ofloxacin / Floxin
      • Nystatin/Mycostatin/Nilstat
      • NSAIDS: Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
      • Norepinephrine/Levodopa
      • Nortriptyline/Aventyl
      • Nicotine Polacrilex/Nicorette
      • Nifedipine/Procardia
      • Nimodipine
      • Nitroglycerin / Nitrostat
      • Nitroprusside/Nipride
      • Nitroprusside: Toxicity
      • NIZATIDINE/AXID
      • Nicardipine
      • Naloxone/Narcan
      • Narcotics
      • Nadolol / Corgard
      • Nafcillin/Uniipen
      • NALBUPHINE/NUBAIN
      • Mydazolam/Versed
      • Moricizine
      • MINERAL OIL
      • Minocycline
      • Metoclopramide/Reglan/ Clopra
      • METOLAZONE/ZAROXOLYN
      • Metoprolol/Lopressor
      • Metronidazole / Flagyl
      • Mezlocillin/Mezlin
      • Miconazole/Monistat
      • Methods to Prevent Infection
      • Methotrexate: Drug Interactions and Toxicity
      • METHOXAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE
      • METHYLDOPA/ALDOMET
      • METHYLENE BLUE
      • Metformin / Glucophage
      • Medication Menu
      • Med Index: T, U, V, W, X, Y
      • Meclizine / Antivert
      • Mannitol
      • Management of Gout
      • MAGNESIUM CITRATE
      • Magnesium Supplements
      • MAGALDRATE/RIOPAN/ LOWSIUM
      • LOPERAMIDE/IMODIUM
      • Loratadine / Claritin
      • Lorazepam/Ativan
      • Lovastatin/Mevacor
      • Melatonin
      • Moxifloxacin
      • Local Anesthetics
      • LISINOPRIL/PRINIVIL/ ZESTRIL
      • Lithium Carbonate / Eskalith
      • Liver Function Analysis
      • LIOTHYRONINE/CYTOMEL
      • Lidocaine/Xylocaine
      • Levaquin / Levofloxacin
      • Levothyroxine/Synthroid
      • Laxatives
      • Lansoprazole / Prevacid
      • LACTULOSE/CHRONULAC
      • Lactobacillus/Lactinex Granules
      • Labetolol:/Trandate/ Normodyne
      • Ketoconazole/Nizoral
      • KAOLIN AND PECTIN/KAOPECTATE
      • IV Insulin Infusion Scale
      • Isocarboxazid/Marplan
      • Isoniazid (INH)
      • Isoproterenol/Isuprel, Medihaler Iso
      • Isosorbide Dinitrate/Isordil
      • IPECAC SYRUP
      • Ipratropium Bromide Inhalent/Atrovent
      • IRON DEXTRAN/IMFERON
      • INSULIN (SQ only) Onset(hr) Peak Duration(hr)
      • Indications for Dopamine
      • INDAPAMIDE/LOZOL
      • IMIPRAMINE/TOFRANIL
      • Imipenem/Cilastin/Primaxin
      • Hypocalcemia: Diff Dx
      • Hydrochlorothiazide/Hydrodiuril/Esidrix
      • Haloperidol/Haldol
      • GUANFACINE/TENEX
      • GUAIFENESIN w/ DEXTROMETHORPHAN/ROBITUSSIN-DM
      • GUANABENZ/WYTENSIN
      • GUANADREL/HYLOREL
      • GUANETHIDINE/ISMELIN
      • Griseofulvin/Fulvicin/Grisactin/Gris Peg/Grisfulvin
      • GLYCERIN SUPPOSITORY
      • Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (SGOT) 8-40 U/L
      • Glutamine
      • Glyburide/Diabeta/Micronase
      • Glimepride / Amaryl
      • Glipizide/Glucatrol
      • GLUCAGON
      • Gemfibrozil/Lopid
      • Gamma-Glutamyl Transpeptidase (GGT)
      • Gadolinium
      • Furosemide/Lasix
      • Fosfomycin
      • Fluoxetine/Prozac
      • Fluphenazine/Prolixin/ Permitil
      • Flurazepam / Dalmane
      • Folic Acid
      • Folic Acid: 2.0-21 ng/mL
      • FLUDROCORTISONE ACETATE/FLORINEF
      • FENOTEROL/BEROTEC
      • Fentanyl Citrate/Sublimaze
      • Famotidine/Pepcid
      • EXCEDRIN
      • Ethambutol
      • ETHOSUXIMIDE/ZARONTIN
      • Esmolol (Brevibloc)
      • ETHACRYNIC ACID/EDECRIN
      • Epinephrine/Adrenalin/ Sus Phrine
      • Enalapril/Vasotec
      • EDROPHONIUM (TENSILON)
      • Econazole (Spectazole)
      • Doxycycline / Vibramycin
      • Doxepin/Sinequan
      • Doxorubicin/Adriamycin
      • Dobutamine/Dobutrex
      • DOCUSATE CALCIUM (SURFAK)
      • DOLOBID
      • Dopamine/Intropin/ Dopastat/
      • Diuretics
      • Discussion of SVT
      • Dipyridamole/Persantin
      • Dirithromycin / Dynabac
      • Digoxin: Interactions and Toxicities
      • Digoxin/Lanoxin
      • Diltiazem/Cardizem
      • Dimenhydrinate/Dramamine/Gravol
      • Diphenhydramine/Benadryl
      • DIPHENOXYLATE w/ ATROPINE/LOMOTIL
      • Diff Dx of V Tach
      • DIAZOXIDE/HYPERSTAT, PROGLYCEM
      • Diclofenac / Volteren
      • Dicloxacillin/dynapen
      • DEXTROMETHORPHAN (MEDIQUELL, BENYLIN DM)
      • Desoxycorticosterone Acetate/Doca/ Percorten
      • DESIPRAMINE/NORPRAMIN
      • Demeclocycline
      • CYPROHEPTADINE/PERIACTIN
      • Daptomycin
      • CYANOCOBALAMIN/B12/
      • CYCLIZINE (MAREZINE)
      • Cyclizine/Marezine
      • Cyclo-oxigenase
      • Celexa / Citalopram
      • Cefonicid/Monocid
      • Cefoperazone/Cefobid
      • Cefotetan
      • Ceftizoxime/Cefizox
      • Cefaclor/Ceclor
      • Cefadroxil/Duricef
      • Cefazolin/Ancef
      • Cefixime / Suprax
      • Cardiovascular Medications
      • Carbenicillin/Geocillin/Geopen/Pyopen
      • Carbidopa/Levodopa (Sinemet)
      • Cardiac Orders / Management
      • Captopril/Captoten
      • Carbamazepine / Tegertol
      • Calcitriol / Rocalrol / l,25-Vitamin D3
      • Calcium
      • Calcitonin
      • Buspirone/Buspar
      • BUTORPHANOL/STADOL
      • Buprenorphine/Buprenex
      • Buclizine/Bucladin S Softabs
      • Bumetaide/Bumex
      • Brompheniramine/Dimetane
      • Bretylium/Bretylol
      • Brevital: (Methohexital Sodium)
      • Bleeding secondary to Platlet Abnormalities
      • Bisacodyl/Dulcolax
      • Bisoprolol fumarate and Hydrochlorothiazide / Ziac
      • BENZQUINAMIDE/EMETE-CON
      • Benztropine Mesylate/ Cogentin
      • Betamethasone Valerate/Valisone
      • Bethanechol/Urecholine, Duvoid
      • Bicarbonate: (Decreased)
      • Bicarbonate, Sodium
      • Benazepril / Lotensin
      • Antibiotic Bead Pouch
      • Bacteroides
      • Azithromycin / Zithromax
      • Azlocillin/Azlin
      • Aztreonam/Azactam
      • Avandia / Rosiglitazone
      • Atropine
      • B12 Deficiency
      • Cryoprecipitated Factor VIII
      • Criteria for Oral Antibiotics
      • Cortisone Acetate
      • Colestipol/Colestid
      • CNS Medication List
      • Colchicine
      • Codeine
      • Clotrimazole/Gyne-Lotrimin/Lotrimin/Mycelex
      • CLOZAPINE/CLOZARIL
      • Clodronate
      • Clofibrate/Atromid S
      • Clonidine/Catapres
      • CLORAZEPATE/TRANXENE
      • Clindamycin/Cleocin
      • Class IV Agents
      • Clarithromycin / Biaxin
      • Class I Agents
      • Cimetidine/Tagamet
      • Chlorthalidone
      • CHOLESTYRAMINE/QUESTRAN
      • Chlamydia trachomatis
      • Chloral Hydrate/Noctec
      • Chlorpromazine/Thorazine
      • Cephapirin/Cefadyl
      • Cephalothin/Keflin
      • Cephradine/Velacef
      • Cephalexin/Keflex
      • Cephalosporins
      • Atenolol/Tenormin
      • ANTIPARKINSON AGENTS
      • Antipsychotics
      • Antiviral
      • Antigout Medications
      • ANTIHISTAMINES
      • Antihyperlipdemics
      • Antihypertensive
      • Antimalarials
      • Antidiabetic Medications
      • Antidiarrheal
      • Antiemetics/Emetics
      • Antibiotics
      • Anticoagulant Induced Bleeding
      • Anticoagulants
      • Anticonvulsants
      • Antidepressants
      • Anti-Pseudomonal Agents
      • Antacids
      • Aprotinin
      • Amrinone/Inocor
      • Amiodarone: (Cordarone)
      • Amitryipyline/Elavil
      • Amlodipine / Norvasc
      • AMOXAPINE/ASENDIN
      • Amikacin/Amikin
      • Aminocaproic Acid: Amicar
      • Aminoglycosides
      • Properties of Aminoglycocides to Cement
      • Aminophylline
      • Alprazolm/Xanax
      • Aluminum Hydroxide: (Amphogel)
      • Allopurinol Interactions and Toxicities
      • Allopurinol/Zyloprim/Lopurin
      • ALGORITHM for PAROXYSMAL SVT
      • Alcohols
      • After Loading Agents given by Continuous Infusion
      • Adenosine
      • Aceytlcysteine
      • Acetophenazine/Tindal
      • Acetohexaminde/Dymelor
      • Acetic Acid
      • Acetazolamide/Diamox
      • Abnormalities Associated With Vitamin D
    • Category: Orthobiologics
      • Acumed Bone Graft System
  • Category: Orthopaedics
    • Diff Dx Hypernatremia: 136-145 mmol/L
    • Composition of Elemental Diets
    • Sustained V tach
    • Signs and Symptoms of Renal Dz
    • Soft Tissue Resurfacing Arthroplasty
    • Stableloc External Fixator
    • Routine Lab Studes for the Stabilized TPN Patient
    • References for Diabetes and Infection
    • RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY
    • Review of Systems
    • Psuedohyponatremia
    • Radiograph of Neuropathic Shoulder
    • References by Hunziker
    • Prerenal Oliguria: Diff Dx
    • Polarus Targeting System
    • Post Renal Oliguria
    • Pediatric Nutrition
    • nbsp
    • Normal Total Body Na
    • Na losing nephritis
    • Klebsiella Pneumoniae
    • Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
    • Informed Consent for Autologous Hamstring Arthroplasty
    • Intra-Renal Oliguria
    • Jugular Pulse Waves
    • HYPONATREMIA: Decreased Total Body Na
    • Hyponatremia with Hypervolemia (Increased total Na)
    • Index: A – B – C
    • Index: Q – R
    • HEART BLOCK
    • General Orders for the Renal Failure Patient
    • Failure
    • Composition of Parental Nutrition Formulas
    • Citrobacter
    • Changes w/ HYPERKALEMIA
    • Changes w/ HYPOCALCEMIA
    • Caloric Requirements
    • Cardiac Axis
    • Cement Embolic Disease
    • ATB Index: Q
    • IRB2
    • Anatomy of the Upper Limb
    • Anatomy of the Upper Limb
    • Anatomy of the Upper Limb
    • Anatomy of the Upper Limb
    • Anatomy of the Upper Limb
    • Anatomy of the Upper Limb
    • Anatomy of the Shoulder
    • Anatomy of the Shoulder
    • Anatomy of the Upper Extremity
    • Anatomy of the Upper Limb
    • Anatomy of the Lower Extremity
    • Anatomy of the Lower Extremity
    • Anatomy of the Lower Extremity
    • Anatomy of the Neck
    • Anatomy of the Neck
    • Anatomy of the Pelvis
    • Anatomy
    • Anatomy of the Lower Extremity
    • Anatomy of the Lower Extremity
    • Anatomy of the Lower Extremity
    • Anatomy of the Lower Extremity
    • Anatomy of the Lower Extremity
    • Anatomy of the Lower Extremity
    • Anatomy of the Knee
    • Anatomy of the Leg
    • Anatomy of the Foot
    • Anatomy
    • Anatomy
    • Anatomy
    • Anatomy of the Ankle
    • Anatomy of the Ankle
    • Anatomy of the Ankle
    • Anatomy of the Ankle
    • Anatomy of the Foot
    • ALGORITHM for VENTRICULAR ECTOPY
    • ALGORITHM for VF and PULSELESS VT
    • Voice Files
    • Theophylline Preparations
    • Tibio-Talar-Calcaneus Arthrodesis
    • Tendon to Fibrocartilage Metaplasia
    • test pictures
    • Expert Opinions for Autologous Hamstring Resurfacing Arthroplasty
    • Tumors of Hand and Distal radius
    • Tunnel of Guyon
    • Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics – Ortho Links
    • Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics
    • Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics
    • U wave: Discussion
    • Yield Strength / Point
    • WPW syndrome
    • Windlass Mechanism
    • Weight Release
    • Weiland’s Classification for Osteomyelitis
    • Wagner Grading System for Diabetic Foot Infections
    • Vit D Dependent Rickets
    • Vitallium
    • Venous Malformations
    • Venous Repair
    • Vascular Shunt
    • Valgus Hindfoot Deformity in CP
    • Vancomycin Properties in Ca Sulfate and Bone Graft
    • Urokinase
    • Vaccum Mixing of Methylmethacrylate
    • Uremic Bleeding
    • upper_and_lower_limb_fractures_with_concomitant_arterial_injury
    • Uloric
    • Ulnar Styloid Process Frx
    • Types of Ventilators
    • Types of Orthopaedic Infections
    • Type V
    • Type II Epiphyseal Frx: of Proximal Humerus
    • Turf Toe / Dislocation of MTP
    • Tubulation
    • Triple Arthrodesis
    • Triple Arthrodesis: Charcot Marie Tooth Disease
    • Treatment of Hyponatremia with Volume Excess
    • Treatment of SIADH: See Diff Dx
    • Treatment of Hypnatremia with Volume Depletion
    • Treatment of Bradycardia
    • Transient Regional Osteoporosis
    • Transfusion Related Transmission of Infectious Disease
    • Trade Names P – Q – R
    • Trades Names: K – L
    • Tranexamic Acid
    • Trade Names
    • Viscosupplementation
    • Transposition of Radial Nerve for ORIF of Humerus Fracture
    • _
    • Supination Plantar Flexion Injuries:
    • Tidal Volume
    • Thyroid Storm
    • Tibial, Ankle, and Foot Procedures
    • Thyroid Panel
    • thrpolyinsertion
    • Thrombocytopenia/Platlet Dysfunction
    • Thrombocytosis
    • Thrombolytic Therapy
    • Thrombin Time: 10-14 sec
    • THR: Changes in Stem Position
    • Theophylline Drug Interactions and Toxicities
    • the_diabetic_foot_evolving_technologies
    • The role of local antibiotic therapy in the management of compound fractures
    • Testimonials
    • Terrible Triad of the Elbow
    • test s
    • Temporal Arteritis
    • Telangiectatic Osteosarcoma
    • Technique for Microanastomosis
    • Tarsal Coaliltion
    • Tarsal Navicular
    • Techique of Total Nail Plate Avulsion
    • T waves: Discussion
    • Tachycardia: Discussion
    • Talar Tilt
    • Talipes Equinovarus / Clubfoot
    • Systemic Vascular Resistance
    • T4 TOTAL (THYROXINE)
    • Synergistic Nonclostridial Anaerobic Myonecrosis
    • Synovial Sarcoma
    • Sustentaculuum Tali Fractures
    • Suture
    • Sustentaculum Talus Fracture
    • Surgical Staging System for Musculoskeletal Tumors (Enneking and MSTS)
    • Surgical Planning for SER Ankle Frx (Weber B)
    • Assessment of Surgical Risk
    • Surgical Approach to the Ulna
    • Surgery on Growth Plates
    • Surgical Anatomy and Impediments to Reduction of Clubfoot
    • Surgical Approach for Olecranon Frx
    • Supracondylar Fractures: Type II
    • Supination and Pronation of Foot
    • Supination External Rotation Ankle Frx (Weber B)
    • Superficial Palmar Arch
    • Product Information
    • Stroke
    • Structural Allograft
    • Streptokinase
    • Stress
    • Statistics for Orthopaedists
    • State of Calcium in Body Fluids
    • Stance Phase of Gait
    • ST segment: Discussion
    • Sinus Tarsi
    • Alphabetical Site Index
    • Single Photon Absorptiometry
    • Silver Procedure: Resection of Medial Eminence
    • SIADH: Criteria
    • S.H. Type I
    • Sepsis
    • Second Generation Ceph
    • Scurvy
    • SCFE: Reduction vs Pinning in Situ
    • Sauve Kapandji Procedure
    • SALMONELLA
    • Rx of Hypernatremia
    • Rx of Seizure
    • Sach (solid ankle, cushioned heel)
    • Rush Medical: Betadine Protocol:
    • Rx of Anaphylaxis
    • RU Joint: Hemi-resection Arthroplasty
    • RU Joint: Wafer Procedure
    • Open Rotator Cuff Repair – Clinical Outcomes
    • Right and Left Bundle Branch Block
    • Rheumatoid Hindfoot
    • Rheumatoid Forefoot
    • RF: Radiofrequency Signals
    • Reverse Shoulder Replacement:
    • Retrograde Screw Insertion
    • IRB Reponse:
    • Reticulocyte Count
    • Reticulum Cell Sarcoma
    • Papers:
    • Respiratory Acidosis
    • Respiratory Alkalosis
    • Semiextended position for IM Nailing of Tibia Fractures:
    • References for Pulmonary Resection in Osteosarcoma
    • Reference for Radiation Rx for Osteosarcoma
    • References for Fluid Requirements
    • References for Lower Extremity Tourniquets
    • Recurrent Atraumatic Anterior Instability
    • Rate of Ventilation
    • Radioulnar Synostosis
    • Radiographs: Hallux Valgus
    • Radiographic Features of Giant Cell Tumor of Bone
    • Radiographic Evaluation: Calcaneal Fractures
    • Radiographic Evaluation of the Talus
    • Radiation Treatment for Metastastic Bone Carcinoma
    • Radiographic and Diagnostic studies: for Osteosarcoma
    • Radiographic Assessment of Club Foot
    • Radial shortening
    • Radial Inclination of Distal Radius Frx
    • Radial Inclination Reduction
    • Radial Club Hand
    • Quinidine: Quinidex: Quinaglute
    • QRS wave: Discussion
    • Pyuria
    • Q waves: Discussion
    • Pulmonary Artery Catheter: Swan Ganz Catheters
    • Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
    • Pulmonary Contussion
    • Psuedohyponatremia: Criteria
    • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    • Pseudomonas References
    • Pseudoephedrine/Sudafed/ Novafed/ Afrinol
    • Prosthetic Grafts
    • Protamine sulfate
    • PROPYLTHIOURACIL: PTU/PROPACIL
    • Prosthetic Feet
    • Primary Subtalar Fusion for Calcaneal Fracture
    • Priorities of Weaning from Ventilatory Support
    • Pressure Tracings at different catheter positions
    • Prevention of Diabetic Foot Ulceration
    • PreOperative Planning for Subtalar Fusion
    • Preoperative Infection Control
    • Preload
    • POSTERIOR HEMIBLOCK
    • Post Op Care in the Ilizarov Method
    • Polymorphonuclear Neutrophils (PMN): 40-76%
    • Polarus Plus IM Nail
    • Platlet Concentrate: (Random Donor)
    • Plantar Keratosis
    • Plantar Warts: (Verruca Plantaris – Papillomas of the Sole)
    • Plantar Interossei
    • Pediatric Gamekeeper’s thumb
    • Peak Inspiratory Pressures
    • Patient Visit Codes
    • Pathophysiology
    • Paron’s Space
    • Parasites which may cause Eosinophilia
    • Osteopoikilosis
    • Osteocyte
    • Orthopaedic Considerations of Pregnancy
    • Orthopaedic CPT Codes
    • Orthopaedic Index: A
    • Operating Room Hygiene
    • One-Third Tubular Plates
    • Ollier Approach
    • One Third Tubular Plate Applied as a Neutralisation Plate
    • Nutrition Menu
    • Non Tumerous Soft-Tissue Masses
    • Non AG Hyper Cl Acidosis: Diff dx determined by changes in Serum Potassium
    • non AG Met Acidosis: Diff Dx
    • Neuropathic Ulceration (Mal perforant)
    • nbsp
    • Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections